Prep Your Feet for Summer, According to a Podiatrist

Prep Your Feet for Summer- Podiatrist

Prep your feet according to a podiatrist

  1. *Always wear white socks. If you lose sensation in your feet, you’ll be able to see blood or avoidance now.
  2. *Avoid socks with mends and seams.
  3. *Wash your feet; then dry them totally, particularly between the toes.
  4. *Do not soak your feet.
  5. *Apply moisturizer to feet, however not between the toes.
  6. *Inspect your feet nightly for cuts or cracks within the skin, together with between your toes. Use a mirror, if needed, to envision the bottoms of your feet.
  7. *Maintain correct nail care.
  8. *Avoid constrictive bandages.
  9. *Protect feet from sunburn.
  10. *Never trim calluses.
  11. *Do not go barefoot (always wear shoes).
  12. *Avoid arduous floors and exposure to cold.
  13. *Check tub temperature with fingers not toes.
  14. *Beware of tape or adhesives on risk areas.
  15. *Buy new shoes at the tip of the day.
  16. *Feel within shoes for seams or folds.
  17. *Inspect the insides of shoes for any price sharp.
  18. *Break in new shoes slowly by carrying them solely 2 hours at a time.
  19. *Do not use over-the-counter corn remedies.
  20. *See a chiropodist a minimum of double a year for a diabetic foot analysis.


Sometimes, despite however well you look after your feet, issues can happen. Your body will heal quicker if you retain your glucose in check and don’t smoke. With correct foot care and regular evaluations, you’ll realize issues whereas they’re tiny. Intensive initial treatments will typically clear up ulcers and dry, cracked skin inside weeks.

Generally, it takes longer. There’s a wound center in Ukiah that may facilitate patients with ulcers or wounds that may not shut. Then it’s up to you to stay your feet healthy.


5 Tips to guard Your Feet This Summer


During the nice and cozy summer months, we have a tendency to pay far more time on our feet — from hiking, walking through the sand, and different outside activities. Whereas you’ve most likely been told time once time to pay additional attention to your skin throughout those months, the approach you look after your feet is vital too.


Giving your feet the eye they have will assist you to avoid several unpleasant infections and painful foot injuries.

“Even if you’re simply lying still on your back absorbing the rays, your feet square measure still vulnerable,” Yankee Podiatric Medical Association (APMA) member Jane Andersen, DPM told the APMA.

“You will seriously sunburn your feet and in spite of however upmarket your edifice, athlete’s foot will lurk all told public pool areas.”


Fortunately, there are ways in which to stay your feet healthy, thus you’re able to fancy all of your summer plans. Here are five tips to avoid encountering foot issues.


Avoid Walking Barefoot


As tempting, because it could be to start off your shoes within the summer and let your toes suspend free, it’s best to limit however typically you walk barefoot. By not carrying shoes, you’re a lot of probably to urge sunburn, area warts, athlete’s foot, ringworm, and injure your feet, in step with the APMA.


Be Cautious regarding Pedicures


Salon-polished toenails square measure a requirement for several folks within the summer, however, Andersen recommends continuing with caution.

“Pedicures is a supply for real issues,”

Andersen told Everyday Health. The tools will result in nail plant, wart viruses, and microorganism infections. One or two solutions square measure to contemplate transferral your own toolset or decide on a DIY-pedicure.


Wear correct Footwear


Flip-flops and sandals square measure summer staples, however, your feet don’t love them the maximum amount as you are doing. Rather than avoiding open-toe shoes utterly, rummage around for ones that provide a lot of support to shield your feet once walking. Also, if you’re taking a dip within the ocean, lake, or different body of open water, assume a try of water shoes.

“These shoes supply some protection from hidden hazards and sharp objects, like bottle caps, glass, coral, and even walk splinters – all of that might be painful and dangerous if lodged within the foot,” James Ioli, DPM, told Brigham Health Hub.


Drink Water throughout the Day


Water encompasses an ostensibly endless list of advantages, like rising skin complexion and flushing out toxins, however, it conjointly promotes feet health yet. Staying hydrous throughout the day will decrease swelling in your feet caused by the warmth, in step with the APMA.


Seek Medical Attention for Injuries


Just because your foot isn’t broken or sprained, doesn’t mean you shouldn’t look for medical attention. If you injure your foot on vacation, it’s best to hunt out a specialist to start treatment and avoid prolonging the results of the injury


Urea Gel


Thick calluses or cracked heels? Strive urea gel.

“I inform my patients to use this gel equally throughout each foot at midnight, wrap their feet with a wrapper, and wear socks to bed,”

says specialist! That wrapper is essential, he explains, since it promotes penetration of Pedi excellent Electronic Foot File


When you get up following morning when mistreatment the carbamide gel, mistreatment this foot file to assist exfoliate.

“[It] removes the thickened and callused areas of the foot that are counteracted and softened by the carbamide cream long,” his explains.

He gets into the foot to assist break down that rough, tough skin.

Toe Spacers by Vive


After months of compacting your feet into boots, your toes might have a tough love. Enter toe spacers: “[They] facilitate relieve discomfort and promote blood circulation to reinforce nourishment and healing of the animal foot and toes,” opinion by doctors. This set includes four super soft, versatile houses to increase the space between incommodious toes and forestall ailments like bunions from obtaining worse.



 Disinfectant Spray


No, you should not use it directly on your feet. however, Doctors will advocate patients apply a disinfectant spray on their shoes to cut back the risk of infections caused by an outbreak, bacteria, or fungi (plantar warts, tiny pads, or rumor, for example). This can be particularly vital on shoes you usually do not wear socks with—we’re staring at you, vesture sneakers.

“Lysol spray kills ninety-nine .99% of viruses and bacterium,” Dr says. “I unremarkably inform my patients to use [it] to eliminate germs by sanitizing their shoes, shoe inserts, and shower floors often.”



Insoles will facilitate alleviate and forestall foot pain, which may worsen within the summer months, due to less-supportive shoes and walking long distances.

“Although I favor advocating custom foot dental medicine over per-fabricated insoles, some insurance firms don’t give coverage for custom dental medicine, and that they may be costly once paying out of pocket,” notes  Dr. Cunha specialist


Visa Inc. Financial CompanyVisa Inc. Financial Company

Visa Inc. Revenue Jumped to 11.45% on 2019 For $5.840B

Visa Inc. is an American multinational financial services company. Its headquarter is in Foster City, California, USA. Visa Inc. provides electronic fund transfer services all over the world through its branded cards like credit cards, debit cards, and gift cards. Visa does not issue cards or sets rates to its consumers; it provides financial institutions their Visa-branded financial products that they use to offer their customer credit cards, debit cards. Visa Inc. has its operation on all 6 continents.

VisaNet directly operates all their transaction in the world through its four secure data centers. Its facilities are available 24/7 and, in all situations, whether its natural disaster or any crime issues. Visa-net can easily handle up to 30,000 simultaneous transactions and up to 100 billion computations every second. Visa is the world’s 2nd largest card company based on the annual value of card payments transacted and the number of issued cards.

In October 2006 visa declared some of its company merged to a public company and become visa Inc. the company was Visa Canada, Visa International, and Visa U.S.A. after this Visa’s western Europe company became a separate company.

Visa finally completed its restructuring on October 3, 2007. Visa IPO was the first step taken by Visa Inc. The second thing they do was submitted its $10 billion IPO filing with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

Visa Europe LTD. was one of the members and cooperative of over 3,700 European banks. After getting independence from Visa Inc. it was a completely different country. On June 21, 2016, the acquisition of Visa Europe was completed.

In 2018 Visa’s earning was US$10.3 billion, with annual revenue of US$20.61 billion and, an increase of 12.3% over the previous year cycle. Visa ranked 161st on the Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by revenue. Here is the finance report of visa from 2005 to 2018:

Year Revenue
in mil. USD$
Net income
in mil. USD$
2005 2,665 360
2006 2,948 455
2007 3,590 −1,076
2008 6,263 804
2009 6,911 2,353
2010 8,065 2,966
2011 9,188 3,650
2012 10,421 2,144
2013 11,778 4,980 9,600
2014 12,702 5,438 9,500
2015 13,880 6,328 11,300
2016 15,082 5,991 11,300
2017 18,358 6,699 12,400
2018 20,609 10,301 15,000


There are some legal and regulatory actions against Visa which they need to follow to run their services.

  • Anti-competitive conduct in Australia.
  • The antitrust lawsuit by ATM operators.
  • The Debit card swipe fees.
  • S. Justice Department actions.
  • Antitrust issues in Europe.
  • Payment Card Interchange Fee and Merchant Discount Antitrust Litigation.
  • The High swipe fees in Poland.
  • Confrontation with Walmart over high fees.
  • Its dispute with Kroger over high credit card fees.

Visa also has a mobile payment service which is mVisa, this is a mobile app via smartphones using QR code. This method was first introduced in India in 2015, after that it expanded to a number of other countries, including in Africa and Southeast Asia.

Visa has the online payment service which is Visa checkout it was launched in 2013. Because of this method after payment, it removes all the information of cardholders from the retailers’ accounts. Visa checkout works in all the credit, debit and prepaid cards.

Johnson and Johnson

Johnson & Johnson Stock Price Falling Continuously

Johnson & Johnson is an American multinational company that produces and develops pharmaceutical, packaged consumer goods and medical devices. Johnson & Johnson was founded in 1886. It’s ranked No. 37 on the 2018 Fortune 500 list and it is also the largest United States corporation by total revenue. Johnson & Johnson is one of the world’s most valuable companies.

Johnson and Johnson Products
Johnson and Johnson Products

The headquarter od Johnson & Johnson is in New Brunswick, New Jersey. J&J handles over 250 subsidiaries companies and these operate in 60 countries and its products sell over 175 countries. According to the calendar year 2015, Johnson & Johnson had US$70.1 billion worldwide sells. Johnson & Johnson has a high brand value and its medications and first aid supplies are worldwide famous.

Johnson and Johnson Stock Price Latest
Johnson and Johnson Stock Price Latest

The most well-known consumer products of J&J are the Band-Aid Brand line of bandages, Tylenol medications, Clean & Clear facial wash, Johnson’s Baby products, Neutrogena skin and beauty products, and Acuvue contact lenses.

The List of Johnson & Johnson Family Companies

Consumer Healthcare:

  • Baby Care
  • Skin & Hair Care
  • Wound Care and Topicals
  • Oral Health Care
  • Women’s Health
  • McNeil Consumer Healthcare
  • Over-The-Counter Medicines
  • Nutritionals

Medical Devices:            

  • Biosense Webster
  • DePuy Synthes
  • Ethicon, Inc.
  • Janssen Diagnostics BVBA
  • Johnson & Johnson Vision Care, Inc.
  • Mentor
  • Bariatric Surgery for Obesity (Ethicon)
  • Cardiovascular Disease (Biosense Webster, Inc.)
  • Diabetes Care (LifeScan, Animas Corporation)
  • Ear, Nose, and Throat Conditions (Acclarent)
  • General Surgery (Ethicon, Codman Neuro)
  • Hernia Surgery (Ethicon)
  • Insulin Delivery Devices (Animas)
  • Neurovascular Disease (Codman Neuro, DePuy Synthes)
  • Orthopedics (DePuy Synthes)
  • Joint Reconstruction, Trauma, Spine, Sports Medicine and Power Tools
  • Surgical Instruments and Infection Prevention (Advanced Sterilization Products)
  • Urologic Surgery (Ethicon)
  • Vision Care (VISTAKON)


  • Janssen
  • Janssen R&D LLC
  • Janssen Healthcare Innovation
  • Janssen Pharmaceuticals Inc
  • Janssen Diagnostics
  • Janssen Therapeutics
  • Janssen Scientific Affairs
  • McNeil-PPC, Inc

According to the October 2010 report, J&J gained Crucell for $2.4 billion and it will operate as the center for vaccines as the wider Johnson & Johnson pharmaceuticals group. In November 2015, Biosense Webster, Inc. announced Coherex, Medical Inc. enlarge the companies range of treatment options for patients with atrial fibrillation. In March 2018, Johnson & Johnson revealed LifeScan, Inc. which will be sold off to Platinum Equity for around $2.1 billion.

In September of the same year, J&J Medical GmbH revealed Emerging Implant Technologies GmbH and manufacturer of 3D-printed titanium interbody implants for spinal fusion surgery.

Johnson and Johnson Stock
Johnson and Johnson Latest Financial Statement (According to Johnson and Johnson stock)

In September 2018 the total market capitalization of Johnson & Johnson was valued at over US$367.5 billion. The annual revenue of Johnson & Johnson is US$81.6 billion.

In July 2018 Johnson & Johnson’s head of pharmaceuticals Joaquin Duato became the vice-chairman of the executive committee of the company.

The Previous and Current Chairmen of Johnson & Johnson

  • Robert Wood Johnson I (1887–1910)
  • James Wood Johnson (1910–1932)
  • Robert Wood Johnson II (1932–1963)
  • Philip B. Hofmann (1963–1973)
  • Richard B. Sellars (1973–1976)
  • James E. Burke (1976–1989)
  • Ralph S. Larsen (1989–2002)
  • William C. Weldon (2002–2012)
  • Alex Gorsky (2012–present)


Johnson and Johnson CEO Alex Gorsky
Johnson and Johnson CEO Alex Gorsky

Johnson & Johnson also has some interesting positive goals to keep the company’s environment-friendly and create a positive vibe in the workplace. In Newsweek’s Green Rankings Johnson & Johnson was ranked 3rd among the United States’ largest companies. J&J also consent to change its packaging of plastic bottles used in the manufacturing process that will switch their packaging of liquids to non-polyvinyl chloride containers.

jp morgan chase - jpmorgan

JPMorgan Chase Launched US Approved Cryptocurrency JMI Coin

JPMorgan Chase is an American financial holding company and a multinational investment bank. The headquarter of JPMorgan chase in New York City, USA. JPMorgan Chase is the 6th largest bank in the world and also the largest bank of USA. The total assets of JPMorgan chase US$2.73 trillion.

Jamie Dimon- CEO JPMorgan Chase
Jamie Dimon- CEO JPMorgan Chase

By market capitalization, JPMorgan Chase is the world’s most valuable bank. JPMorgan provides various kind of services, provide investments banking and financial services. JPMorgan Chase is also viewed as the Universal bank and a custodian bank. JPMorgan Chase is known as Morgan which considered for investment banking, private banking, private wealth management, asset management, and treasury services divisions. Chase used for credit card banking in USA and Canada.

JP Morgan Chase is the Largest Bank of the World
JP Morgan Chase is the Largest Bank of the World

JPMorgan Chase does both retail and commercial banking in the United States. According to 2019, JPMorgan Chase investment and corporate baking arm hold US$25.45 trillion and US$45 billion assets under management. JPMorgan Chase is the 3rd largest hedge fund in the world.

One of the main reasons for its great success and huge baking service is its combination of several large U.S. banking companies, since 1996.

Recently occurred incident that affects the bank; In March 2017, a former JPMorgan Chase employee Lawrence Obracanik who was guilty to criminal charges that he stole more than $5 million from his employer to pay personal debts. In June 2017, the former COO Matt Zames of the bank decided to leave the firm.

JMI Coin- United States Bank Approved Cryptocurrency
JMI Coin- United States Bank Approved Cryptocurrency

In December 2017, JPMorgan was sued by the Nigerian government for $875 million that Nigeria claims that was transferred by JPMorgan to a corrupt former minister. Nigeria charged JPMorgan for being “grossly negligent”. In October 2018, it’s reported that JP Morgan “agreed to pay $5.3 million to settle the charge which violated Cuban Assets Control Regulations which is Iranian sanctions and Weapons of Mass Destruction sanctions 87 times.

In February 2019, JPMorgan revealed the launch of JPM Coin which is a digital token that will be used to solve the transactions between clients of its wholesale payments business. This particular coin is the first cryptocurrency issued by a United States bank.

Tencent Holding

Tencent Stock Price Falls First Time in 13 Years

Tencent holding company is a Chinese multinational investing company. This company was founded in 1998 and its main subsidiaries are internet related services, products, artificial intelligence, entertainment, and technology both in China and globally. Ma Huateng, Zhang Zhidong, Xu Cheney, Chen Yidan and Zeng Liqing was the founder of Tencent.

Tencent Holding Company
Tencent Holding Company

The headquarters of Tencent is in Nanshan District, Shenzhen. Tencent is the world’s number one gaming company also. Not only this Tencent is one of the world’s huge social media companies, technology companies, and capital investment firms also. All the categories of Tencent’s services are successful in their own places such as social networks, music, web portals, internet services, payment systems, e-commerce, mobile games, smartphones, and multiplayer online games.

Ma Huateng - Tencent CEO
Ma Huateng – Tencent CEO

In China, Tencent has its largest web portal which is Tencent music entertainment is the main and largest music service provider in China. A total of 700+ million people uses this service and 120 million people are active subscribers. Tencent is the first Asian company that crossed the market value of $500 billion in 2018. According to 2018, Tencent is the 5th largest company in the category of market value.

Under Tencent there are many industries and hundreds of subsidiaries which they control and also have investment across a diverse range of businesses including search engine, e-commerce, retail, video gaming, real estate, software, film production, movie ticketing, music production, space technology, natural resources, smartphones, virtual reality, ride-sharing, banking, financial services, Fintech, consumer technology, computer technology, automobile big data, agriculture, medical services, cloud computing, social media, IT, advertising, streaming media, artificial intelligence, robotics, UAVs, food delivery, courier services, e-book, internet services, education and renewable energy. Tencent is the world’s most active investment corporation and now it focuses on Asian start-ups.

weixin - WeChat For PC
weixin – WeChat For PC

Weixin (WeChat for PC) is a social media app that was launched by Tencent on 21 January 2011 and they renamed that as WeChat. Now, this is one of the worlds most use social media apps and it has 1 billion monthly active users. In 2015, January Tencent also launched WeBank in China which is China’s first and only online bank. In 2016, 21 June Tencent announced a deal to gain 84.3% of Supercell and developer of Clash of Clans which is worth US$8.6 billion. Tesla, Inc. revealed Tencent had purchased a 5% stake of Tesla for US$1.78 billion which is the automotive control system of subsequently successfully performed penetration-testing until 2019, On 28 March 2017.

In June 2017, Tencent became the 8th most valuable company in BrandZ’s and also top 100 Most Valuable Global Brands which is signaling its growing influence globally as well as the rise of Chinese brands. In 2017 November, Tencent announced that it had purchased a 12% stake in Snap Inc in the open market which includes the plans to help establish Snapchat as a gaming platform.

In April 2009, Tencent also launched iTQQ which is a smart interactive television service in cooperation with TCL. In 2015, Tencent launched Tencent Pictures which is a film distributor and a production company that makes and distributes films based on books, comics, animated series, and video games. Tencent comic is China’s largest online comic which they launched in 2012, 21 March.

Tencent Stock Price Fall Down 2019
Tencent Stock Price Fall Down 2019

For online payments, Tencent announced to work with China’s Central Bank to develop a central payment clearing platform in 2017. In 2017, Tencent announced its own credit score system which is called Tencent Credit, with a process similar to the Sesame Credit which is operated by its competitor, the Alibaba Group through its subsidiary Ant Financial. Tencent also has an insurance agency platform named WeSure internet insurance limited.

At the end of April 2017, Tencent revealed it was preparing to launch its virtual reality headset that year. Tencent also handles a number of patents related instant messaging and massively multiplayer online games.


Facebook Expecting $84 Billion Revenue in 2020

Facebook had earned $69.31 billion revenue according to “Facebook Financial Statement Q2 2019”. In 2018 facebook projected their revenue at $55.84 billion what was 24.1% less than 2019. The CEO of Facebook Mark Zuckerberg said that they are expecting $84 billion as revenue in 2020.

Facebook’s headquarter is in Menlo Park, California. Facebook also consider one of the four big technology companies. Facebook was created for social interaction and privacy control also to do a viable business.

Facebook CEO - Mark Zuckerberg
Facebook CEO – Mark Zuckerberg

Firstly, Facebook was only used by the student of some selected university but later, in 2006 anyone who claims to be 16 years old can use Facebook. Most Facebook revenues come from the advertisements and the news which appear on newsfeed. It is one of the newly listed public companies worth $104 billion.

Manage Facebook Audiences

Facebook can be used with internet connectivity from devices like mobile, pc, laptops, tablets. In 2018 it shows that there are 2.3 billion monthly active users are on Facebook. In May 2013 facebook joined the fortune 500 lists. End of the 2007 facebook had 100000 pages to put an advertisement for companies. Microsoft purchased a 1.6% share of Facebook for $240 million which gave rights to post international advertisements. Facebook’s international headquarters is in Dublin, Ireland which they announced in October 2008.

After that announced that they will move their headquarter to the former headquarter in Menlo Park, California. According to the study, it shows that Facebook had become the second-most accessed website in the U.S. behind Google in 2011. Before that in 2009 China blocked Facebook. In June 2014 facebook introduced clickable hashtag which helps users to follow the trend. In February 2014 facebook bought WhatsApp for US$19 billion in cash and stock.

Facebook Company
Facebook Company

Mark Zuckerberg showed his 10-year vision on April 12, 2016, which is based on three pillars, artificial intelligence, increased global connectivity, and virtual reality. A very recent incident that happens on July 3, 2019, is Facebook’s option to view and load pictures stopped working which is complained by people around the world.

After this Facebook posted on Twitter about this issue and said they would resolve it as soon as possible. Recently, facebook partnership with the University of California to build a non-invasive, wearable device that lets people type by simply imagining themselves talking, they announced about it on July 31, 2019.

Facebook Admin Panel

  • Mark Zuckerberg (Chairman and Chief Executive Officer)
  • Sheryl Sandberg (Chief Operating Officer)
  • Mike Schroepfer (Chief Technology Officer)
  • David Wehner (Chief Financial Officer)

 The Director Body of Facebook

  • Mark Zuckerberg (Chairman, Founder, and CEO)
  • Sheryl Sandberg (Executive Director and COO)
  • Marc Andreessen (Non-Executive Director, Co-Founder and General Partner, Andreessen Horowitz)
  • Erskine Bowles (Non-Executive Director, President Emeritus, University of North Carolina)
  • Kenneth Chenault (Non-Executive Director, Chairman and Managing Director, General Catalyst)
  • Susan Desmond-Hellmann (Non-Executive Director, CEO, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation)
  • Reed Hastings (Non-Executive Director, Chairman, Co-Founder and CEO, Netflix)
  • Peter Thiel (Non-Executive Director, Co-Founder and Former CEO, PayPal, Founder and President, Clarium Capital)
  • Jeffrey Zients (Non-Executive Director, Former Director, U.S. National Economic Council)

Facebook earned US$20.21 per user from advertising. Facebook ranked 76 in the Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by revenue. Recent revenues data on Facebook:

Revenues (in millions of US$)
Year Revenue Growth
2004 $0.4
2005 $9 2150%
2006 $48 433%
2007 $153 219%
2008 $280 83%
2009 $775 177%
2010 $2,000 158%
2011 $3,711 86%
2012 $5,089 37%
2013 $7,872 55%
2014 $12,466 58%
2015 $17,928 44%
2016 $27,638 54%
2017 $40,653 47%
2018 $55,013 38%


Facebook claimed that it has 2 million active users and most of them are from small businesses. One active user advertisement last for 28 days and they also announced that 70% of their users are from outside of the USA. In 2010 Facebook opened its fourth office in Hyderabad, India which is also the first Facebook office in Asia.

Facebook Stock Price at Wall-street
Facebook Stock Price at Wall-street

Facebook’s rapid growth started from when it started to till now in June 2017 shows that it has 2 billion users. Economists also showed that Facebook provides many non-rivalrous services that benefit as many users as are interested without forcing users to compete with each other. Facebook also helps much social gaming, review, communication, feedback, and other applications related to online activities by providing them a developed platform.

Alphabet Inc-is-the-parent-company-of-Google

Alphabet Inc. – The Parent Company of Google

Alphabet is a holding company. It was started as a corporate restructuring of Google in October 2015. Then it became a parent company of Google. Alphabet’s headquarters is in Mountain View, California. The name Alphabet inspiration was from Google’s Hamburg office’s street address: ABC-Strabe disclosed by Schmidt in 2018.

Alphabet Inc-is-the-parent-company-of-Google
Alphabet Inc-is-the-parent-company-of-Google

Alphabet is created to restructure Google by moving subsidiaries from Google to Alphabet, which will help to narrow Google’s scope. Through its subsidiaries, Alphabet provides web-based search, enterprise solutions, advertisements, maps, software applications, consumer content, mobile operating systems, commerce, and hardware products.

The two founders of Google Larry Page and Sergey Brin are the CEO and President, respectively. The idea of Alphabet was bringing a desire to make the core Google internet services business “cleaner and more accountable” while allowing companies that operate in businesses other than Internet services. Alphabet Inc. is the world’s 5th largest technology country by revenue and one of the most valuable companies as well.

Alphabet Inc. Child Companies
Alphabet Inc. Child Companies

Alphabet is mostly a collection of companies. In the Internet Association event in 2015, Eric Schmidt said there might eventually be more than 26 Alphabet subsidiaries under Alphabet. On these companies, Google is the largest one and the companies that are pretty far promisingly of the main internet products contained in Alphabet instead of […].

This helps to run things independently, which are not pretty much related and allows the management scale to run easily. Before the Alphabet became the subsidiary, google Inc. was the owner of the Alphabet. Google’s stock was then converted to the Alphabet’s stock. The restructuring process of AAlphabet was finished in October 2015.

Alphabet Stock - Google Stock
Alphabet Stock – Google Stock

The alphabet was chosen the domain with the .xyz top-level domain (TLD), which was introduced in 2014. Alphabet does not own the domain, which is owned by a fleet management division of BMW.

In November 2017, Alphabet Inc. introduced a series round of $70 million along with Andreessen Horowitz and 20th Century Fox in music startup United Masters, founded by Steve Stoute. Alphabet Inc. CEO Larry Page takes home $1 a year, while the median worker earns $197,274. That means the CEO pay ratio is 0.000005-to-1. Alphabet sued Uber for coping with their self-driving car technology.

Google Ex-CEO Larry Page
Google Ex-CEO Larry Page

Alphabet all-time largest subsidiary is Google, after that Its other subsidiaries are Calico, DeepMind, GV, Capital G, X, Google Fiber, Jigsaw, Makani, Sidewalk Labs, Verily, Waymo, Wing and Loon. It announced that Google would be a Limited Liability Company. Many companies that were related to Google also became the subsidiary of Alphabet, and this shows that no matter what Google will be the umbrella company for the Alphabet’s Internet-related businesses.

Alphabet’s also used many products and services long associated with Google, like the Android mobile operating system, YouTube, and Google Search this remains direct components of Google.

From a report in 2017 shows that the 86% revenue of Alphabet comes from performance advertising and brand advertising. Alphabet’s 56% revenue also comes from international operations. The total revenue of the Alphabet was US$110,855 million in 2017. Alphabet is ranked No — 22 on the Fortune 500 rankings, which are the largest United States corporations by total revenue in 2018.

Berkshire Hathaway

Berkshire Hathaway Earned $251.440 Billion Revenue in 2019

Berkshire Hathaway is the American multinational holding company. Berkshire Hathaway’s headquarter is in Omaha, Nebraska, united states. Berkshire Hathaway owns a bunch of company such as GEICO, Duracell, Dairy Queen, BNSF, Lubrizol, Fruit of the Loom, Helzberg Diamonds, Long & Foster, Flight Safety International, Pampered Chef, and also NetJets.

They do own 38.6% shares of Pilot Flying J, 26.7% shares of the Kraft Heinz Company, and significant minority shares in American Express (17.6%), Wells Fargo (shares 9.9%), Coca-Cola Company (shares 9.4%), Bank of America (6.8%), and Apple (5.22%). According to the report of 2016 that shows Berkshire has acquired equity in the major US airline carriers and is currently the largest stockholder in United Airlines, Delta Air Lines and a top three stakeholder in Southwest Airlines and American Airlines.

warren buffet-warren buffett

Berkshire Hathaway is also known for its control and leadership by Warren Buffet who is the chairman and the Chief Executive of it. Warren Buffet always chooses to invest in the publicly-traded company for the long-term. But recently he bought whole companies frequently.

Recent years it shows that Berkshire Hathaway owns multiple kinds of businesses such as confectionery, retail, railroads, manufacturers of vacuum cleaners, jewelry sales, newspaper publishing, manufacture and distribution of uniforms, home furnishings, encyclopedias, and several regional electric and gas utilities. 

Berkshire Hathaway Companies
Berkshire Hathaway Companies

On Forbes Global 2000 list and formula show that Berkshire Hathaway is the third-largest public company in the world, the tenth-largest conglomerate by revenue and the largest financial services company by revenue in the world. Berkshire has the most expensive share price in history which is A class share and worth around $300,000 each. This happens because there has never been a stock split in its Class A shares.


Berkshire is also one of the respected companies in the world based on a survey of American money managers in 2007. Warren buffet gets $100000 per year as salary with no stock option which is the lowest salary of a big multinational company in the USA. Every year over 40000 people attend Berkshire’s annual shareholders’ meetings which take place at the CHI Health Center in Omaha, Nebraska. ‘Woodstock’ is the nickname for this meeting for capitalists which is Omaha’s largest annual event. This meeting starts pretty interestingly with a movie and the meeting lasts for about 6 to 7 hours and the capitalists also can ask questions to Buffett and Munger. 

Berkshire Hathway Stock Holders Meeting
Berkshire Hathway Stock Holders Meeting

Governance members of the board of directors of Berkshire Hathaway are Warren Buffett (Chairman), Charlie Munger (Vice-Chairman), Ronald Olson, Charlotte Guyman, David Gottesman, Bill Gates, Steve Burke, Susan Decker, Walter Scott Jr., Sir Thomas S. Murphy, Howard Graham Buffett (Warren’s son), Meryl Witmer, Ajit Jain, and Greg Abel.

On the survey of the 2017 fiscal year, Berkshire Hathaway’s earnings were US$44.9 billion with total revenue of US$242.1 billion, an increase of 8.3% over the previous fiscal cycle. According to 2018 survey, Berkshire Hathaway is ranked third on the Fortune 500 rankings of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.

The net worth of warren buffet, CEO of Berkshire has decreased from $87.1 Billion USD to $79.7 Billion USD within one year.

Berkshire Hathaway also owns approximately 70 domestic and foreign-based insurance companies, which provide insurance and reinsurance service of property and casualty risks primarily in the United States. Such as Geico, Gen Re, NRG and, Berkshire Hathaway assurance. On the survey of 2003which shows that Pepsi paid Berkshire around $1 million to $10 million to insure against a contest Pepsi which had held a potential $1 billion prize.

berkshire insurance group

Berkshire also has manufacturing, retailing and services such as clothing (Union Underwear Corp, Fruit of the Loom, Garran, Fechheimer Brothers and Russell Corporation, Justin Brands. Chippewa Boots, Justin Boots, Justin Original Workboots, H.H. Brown Shoe Group, Acme Boots, Brooks Sports Nocona Boots, and Tony Lama Boots), building products (Acme Building Brands, Shaw Industries, Clayton Homes).

Berkshire Hathway Real Estate
Berkshire Hathway Real Estate

They also invested in retail businesses such as Nebraska Furniture Mart, RC Willey Home Furnishings, Star Furniture Company, and Jordan’s Furniture, Inc. Berkshire also owns the Clayton Homes which is a maker of modular homes, intermodal piggyback trailers, storage trailers, chassis, and domestic containers. 

Besides owning companies outright Berkshire also maintains a concentrated portfolio of equities and investments which has amazingly been managed by Warren Buffett. From 2010, Todd Combs and Ted Weschler also work with Buffett in managing investments. In the 2016 letter to all the shareholders, Warren disclosed that each of them can independently manage greater than $10 billion on behalf of Berkshire. 


Microsoft Earned $110.4 Billion Dollar Revenue in 2018

Microsoft is one of the leading companies for the mobile which is founded in 1975 and their mission is to empower every person and every organization on the world to achieve more. From all around the world; such as enterprises customers in every industry from leading brands as Coca-Cola Company and Chevron Corporation to ZF Group, a car parts manufacturer in Germany are using Microsoft technology to build their own digital capability so they can thrive in a world where every company is a software company.

Microsoft outlook

Such as Walmart which is the world’s largest company by revenue, and its biggest private employer chooses Azure and Microsoft 365 to fuel its digital transformation, transforming the shopping experience for customers and empowering their more than 2 million associates to do their best work.


Microsoft also creates a platform where broad surplus everywhere such as, a farmer who is able to apply precision agriculture to conserve resources and increase yields, to the hospital that is able to lower the cost of healthcare and improve patient outcomes, to the largest companies of the world and also reaching new customers in new markets.


In 2018, Microsoft gained $110.4 billion in revenue and $35.1 billion in operating income and returned $21.5 billion to shareholders through dividends and share repurchases. Microsoft’s commercial cloud business delivered more than $23 billion in revenue, exceeding the ambitious goal they had set to achieve $20 billion in annual commercial cloud revenue by the end of fiscal 2018, nine months ahead of schedule. Moreover, Microsoft expanded its commercial cloud gross margin to 57 percent, up 7 points year-over-year.


According to June 30, 2018, they appointed approximately 131,000 people on a full-time basis, 78,000 in the U.S. and 53,000 internationally. The total employed people, 42,000 were in operations, including manufacturing, distribution, product support, and consulting services; 42,000 were in product research and development; 36,000 were in sales and marketing; and 11,000 were in general and administration.



Microsoft is a multi-billion dollar business. Microsoft 365 gives customers a path to the cloud and broadens their reach with new and under-penetrated markets from Fortune 500 enterprises to small businesses to more than 2 billion first-line workers. More than 135 million people use Microsoft Office 365 commercial every month, and Outlook Mobile is helping people be productive and stay secure on more than 100 million iOS and Android devices worldwide with AI-infused experiences they use every day.


Also, Microsoft Teams rapidly became the hub for teamwork and is being used by more than 300,000 organizations of all sizes, including 87 of the Fortune 100. Recently it shows that; Windows 10 is now active on nearly 700 million devices around the world.

  • It develops and supports software, services, devices, and solutions that deliver outstanding value for customers and help people and businesses realize their full potential.
  • Its products include operating systems, cross-device productivity applications, server applications, business solution applications, desktop and server management tools, software development tools, and video games.
  • They also design, manufacture, and sell devices, including PCs, tablets, gaming and entertainment consoles, other intelligent devices, and related accessories.
  • It offers an array of services, including cloud-based solutions that provide customers with software, services, platforms, and content, in addition, solution support and consulting services.
  • Microsoft also delivers relevant online advertising to a global audience.
Microsoft Products
Microsoft Products

The Productivity and Business Processes segment of Microsoft consists of products and services in our portfolio of productivity, communication, information services, spanning a variety of devices and platforms. This segment primarily comprises:

  • Office Commercial, comprising Office, Exchange, SharePoint, Skype for Business, and Microsoft Teams, including Office 365 subscriptions and Office licensed on-premises and related Client Access Licenses.
  • Microsoft Office Consumers, including Office 365 subscriptions and Office licensed on-premises, Office Consumer Services, including Skype,, and OneDrive.
  • LinkedIn, Talent Solutions, Marketing Solutions, and Premium Subscriptions.
  • Dynamics business solutions, Dynamics ERP on-premises, Dynamics CRM on-premises, Dynamics 365, a set of cloud-based applications across ERP and CRM.

Microsoft market and distribute their products and services through the following channels such as OEMs, direct, distributors and resellers. Their sales force performs a variety of functions, like; working directly with private companies and public sector organizations worldwide to identify and meet their technology requirements; managing OEM relationships; supporting system integrators, independent software vendors, and other partners who engage directly with their customers to perform sales, consulting, and fulfillment functions for its products and services.

Microsoft Stores
Microsoft Stores

Microsoft success is highly dependent on the ability to attract and retain qualified employees. Microsoft is a modern technology company whose mission is to empower every person and every organization on the planet to achieve more.

Fabrics,Fabrics Definition, Fabrics Types, Fabrics Texture, Fabrics minecraft and Fabrics Pilling

Fabrics 2020- Definition, Types, Texture, Mine-craft and Pilling

What is Fabrics?

The fabric is cloth or other material produced by weaving together cotton, nylon, wool, silk or other threads. Fabrics are used for making things such as clothes, curtains, and sheets.

Types of Fabrics

  1. Cotton fabric
  2. Linen fabric
  3. Jersey fabric
  4. Silk fabric
  5. Canvas fabric
  6. Polycotton fabric
  7. Crepe fabric
  8. Lycra fabric
  9. Lace fabric
  10. Velvet fabric

What is Cotton Fabric?

Cotton fabric is one of the most popular fabrics in the world, and one of the oldest. It is a natural fiber that derives from the seedpod of the cotton plant. Cotton can be knitted or woven into a cloth, with the 2 most common weaves being plain and twill. There is also a satin weave, which produces sateen.


Cotton is a crop, which has been cultivated for more than 7,000 years, and it has become even more popular now that fabric technology allows it to be blended with other textiles, including synthetic ones, which adds durability, flexibility, and luxury.

Some popular cotton fabrics and cotton blend fabrics include:

  • Cotton Lawn – very lightweight, cool, and smooth and hard-wearing
  • Organic Half-Panama Cotton – rustic half-Panama made from 100% organic cotton
  • Cotton Linen – natural fabric made with cotton and linen
  • Real Cotton Silk Satin –  lustrous silk face and strengthening cotton back
  • Cotton Jersey – soft and stretchy 100% cotton
  • Cotton Satin – 100% cotton satin fabric
  • Cotton Twill – classic twill weave with a breathable nature

Cotton fabric by the meter is available with these options.

How is It Manufactured?

Cotton goes from crop to cloth through a mechanical process, known as ginning. Cotton fibers are separated from the seeds and are taken to a textile mill, where the fibers are cleaned and straightened in a carding machine. This creates a thin and soft strand, known as silver. These silvers are then spun into a yarn, which is the cotton we all know. This is then used to weave or knit cotton fabric, normally made in a loom.

Purposes of Cotton Fabric

 Cotton is known for its versatility, durability, and softness. Cotton fabric by the meter is widely available, which makes it very popular for craft and sewing projects. It is mainly used for clothing of all kinds and underwear, as well as homewares such as bedding, and it is often used for industrial purposes such as uniforms tarpaulins, tents, and lots more.

Cotton fiber is knitted or woven to make luxe fabrics such as velour, chambray and velvet, and everyday fabrics including jersey, flannel, and corduroy.


 Cotton fabric has many properties, which makes it one of the world’s most loved materials. Some of the most noted properties include:

  • Easy to care for and clean
  • Comfortable to wear in all climates
  • Breathable and moisture wicking
  • Retains body heat in cold weather
  • Can be sterilized
  • Easy to handle and sew
  • When blended with other fibers, it is less prone to wrinkles and shrinkage
  • Takes dye easily
  • Resists pilling and moths
  • Weakens from extended exposure to sunlight
  • Resists abrasion

Advantages of Cotton Fabric

There are many advantages of cotton fabric, which are beneficial to the environment, your body, and your bank balance. When you blend cotton with other fabrics, there are even more advantages, such as strength, durability, and less prone to creases.
It is a soft, natural, and breathable fabric, which is hypoallergenic, meaning it won’t irritate sensitive skin or cause allergies. Natural cotton contains no chemicals and it is highly breathable, which means it is great for wearing close to the body, in all seasons. It absorbs moisture and draws it away from the skin and it can also draw heat away, keeping you cool. Cotton is strong and durable, holds up well to repeated washing in hot water and it is inexpensive.

What is Linen fabric?

Linen fabric is one of the oldest materials known to man. Cotton linen fabric is smooth and durable and derives from natural fibers.

Linen is a general term for any material that has been made using fibers flax plant or Linum ustiatissimum. It is a natural plant fiber, known as cellulose, which is renowned to be one of the strongest and most durable available. Thanks to its long strands it has brilliant longevity.

The flax strands are spun into yarns and can be blended with other fibers including cotton to make cotton linen fabric. Linen textiles come in all different weights and most are woven in closely sett plain weave constructions.

Some popular linen textiles include:

  • Cotton linen fabric – cotton linen fabric, cool and smooth made with slub yarns
  • Linen blend – poly-linen blend with a textured surface and natural ochre color
  • Linen look – plain, open weave construct made from textured yarns with a matt finish

How is it Manufactured?

 Linen is one of the oldest fabrics in the world dating back thousands of years.

It is laborious to manufacture. Flax is ready to be harvested for its fibers when the stem turns yellow and the seeds turn brown. The highest quality linens are made from flax plants that are hand-harvested, thanks to the quality of the root when pulled up by hand. It is finer and suppler than the machine harvested flax.

The flax stalks dry in the open air for several weeks before the seeds are removed. Then, flax is exposed to moisture to break down the pectin’s that bind the fibers together. Fibers are then separated from the straw and graded into short fibers to make coarser yarns or long fibers to make fine linen yarns.

Carding draws out the long and short fibers into ribbons which are plied together on spinning looms. Fine yarn is wet spun to get it a shiny and smooth appearance, whereas the tow is normally dry spun giving a more rustic, napped yarn.

These are then woven into linen fabric and treated.

Purposes of Linen Fabric

Many products are made with linen, thanks to its attributes and ability to hold dye; grey linen fabric is extremely popular in the fashion and interior world. Popular end uses include:

  • Upholstery
  • Drapes and curtains
  • Clothing; suits, jackets, dresses, blouses, trousers, and more
  • Tablecloths
  • Bedding and bed linen
  • Towels
  • Tea towels
  • Wallpaper
  • Napkins
  • Placemats
  • Furnishing fabrics
  • Luggage
  • Sewing thread


Linen fabric is made from flax, a bast fiber which becomes softer through handling and washing. It is very comfortable and breathable, does not pill or stretch and resists wear from abrasion as well as dirt.

A lot of linen fabric is the UK made and dyed and you can purchase a wide range of linen fabric online. A lot of clothing, particularly summer clothing, is made from linen. This is mainly due to its natural wicking properties. It can gain up to 20% moisture before it starts to feel damp and has an innate ability to prevent bacterial growth.

Characteristically, linen yarns are quite uneven and slubby which adds to its rustic look. Woven linen fabrics are strong as well as hard-wearing and have excellent washability; they can be boiled and starched and take dye very well.

Advantages of Linen Fabric

 The plethora of qualities of linen makes it the perfect fabric to wear in the warmer months, as it keeps the wearer feeling cool and comfortable. The weave of the fibers allows for excellent airflow, and the fabric billows away from the body drying out excess moisture and allowing it to become cool again.

Linen has a natural sheen and luster with an earthy base tone which varies from beige to grey linen fabric.

Linen also has medical advantages and can be used for internal sutures and bandages. It stimulates blood flow and is anti-bacterial as well as resistant to mildew. It is also eco-friendly, as flax plants don’t require irrigation. They need little or no pest control and require very little energy in processing.

Some Linen Fabrics


What is Jersey Fabric?

Jersey fabric is undoubtedly one of the most popular materials for apparel. Jersey knit fabric has so many great benefits and attributes. Jersey fabric is a weft-knitted fabric knitted by hand or machine. This fabric originates from one of the Channel Islands where it was originally used for making thick fisherman sweaters and “jerseys.” Jersey fabric UK made continues to be a popular export from this area.

There are single-jersey fabrics which are knitted with a single set of needles on a single needle-bed of a weft-knitting machine, and double-jerseys which are knitted with 2 sets of needles on a double needle-bed weft-knitting machine.

Main types of jersey fabric:

  1. Cotton Jersey Fabric – made from 100% cotton with a two-way stretch capability. It is very lightweight, comfortable and easy to work with. This jersey has a matt finish and is mostly used for making t-shirts, dresses, and blouses.
  2. Viscose Jersey – this version has a 4-way stretch is very soft and drapes beautifully. Made from 100% viscose, it is popular for making party dresses, tops and skirts with.
  3. Lycra Jersey – constructed of 80% polyester and 20% Lycra and is ideal for flowing dresses.
  4. Double Knit Jersey – this can have a mix of spandex, polyester or viscose. Heavier in weight and great for winter clothing, such as cardigans, sweaters, and jumpers, thanks to its thickness and warmth.

Jersey knit fabric is stretchy, comfortable and light and is a popular fabric for a huge array of apparel. You can also buy jersey fabric online in a wide range of styles, thicknesses, and weights.

How it is manufactured?


Jersey is an insulating and warm knitted fabric which is flexible and comfortable and is composed of 100% cotton or from a cotton/poly blend. It is either constructed from natural fibers, such as cotton, hemp, silk, bamboo, linen, and wool, or synthetic fibers, such as polyester, nylon, rayon, acrylic, and acetate.

Jersey can be knitted by hand or on a flat, circular knitting machine. The knits are constructed from the basic knitting stitch – each loop is drawn through the loop below it. The rows of loops create vertical lines on the face of the material and crosswire rows on the back.

Purposes of jersey fabrics

The main purpose of the jersey is for clothing and apparel. Thanks to its myriad of attributes, this is a very popular choice of fabric when it comes to the everyday wardrobe.

This kind of knitted fabric is great for sewing clothing to wear on the top half of the body; for example:

  • T-shirts
  • Long-sleeve t-shirts
  • Vests
  • Blouses
  • Jumpers
  • Sweatshirts
  • Pullovers
  • Tunics
  • Longline t-shirts
  • Fine sweaters



One of the most popular properties of jersey fabric is its brilliant stretchiness. It can stretch up to 25% along its grain. Clothing made from jersey knit fabric has plenty of giving and allows the wearer to move easily. The fabric can cling to the body due to its ability to contract and expand.

Cotton jersey fabric is breathable and great to wear in warmer weather. It is lightweight and flexible and like all knit fabrics, it is great to work with. Jersey tends to hang well on the body with a pleasing drape. If the fabric contains Spandex, it recovers very well when overstretched. The edges can also curl towards the right side – perpendicular to the grainline – and to the wrong side – along the selvedges.

Advantages of jersey fabric

Jersey is a knit fabric and as such it has the characteristics of other knitted fabrics, such as rib knit and interlock. It doesn’t unravel, wrinkle or crease as easily as woven materials and has a lot of built-in stretches.

Other advantages include the wide range of jersey choices available for individual projects which are accessible easily.

Jersey textiles are lightweight in comparison to other knitted fabrics and the fastest weft knit to produce. These advantages, along with its breathability, make jersey fabric a true joy to not only wear but to work with as well.

Some Jersey Fabrics










  1. What is Silk Fabric?

Known as the world’s most luxurious textile, silk fabric is a stunning, smooth and opulent choice for your project. Printed silk fabric makes this elegant material contemporary and exciting.

This natural fabric is made from the larvae of the mulberry silkworm to construct their cocoons. It is also a generalised term for any fabric constructed using silk yarns or fibres.

Silk is renowned for its lustrous appearance, fine quality, beautiful drape and soft handle. It is a highly-priced fabric, mainly due to the time-consuming and delicate process involved to turn the thread into a yarn.

How is it Manufactured


The commercial process of making silk fabric is complex and labour intensive.

Silk’s textile origins date back to 6000 BC China. Silk is made from a continuous filament fibre spun by silkworms. Silkworms lay their eggs on special paper and eat only fresh mulberry leaves; hence their name. The freshly hatched larvae will eat 50,000 times their initial weight during this period.

35 days after hatching from their eggs, the silkworm is 10,000 times heavier than when it first hatched and is ready to begin the process of spinning its cocoon which takes about 3-8 days to make.

At this stage, the cocoon is treated with hot air, steam or boiling water. Silk is then unbound from the cocoon by softening the sericin (the natural gum coating) and then very carefully unwound. The sericin protects the silk, so it is left on until the silk is processed and sometimes until after it is woven.

Every cocoon can yield up to 1,000 yards of raw silk fabric thread. This thread is spun to produce a yarn of silk.


Purposes of printed silk fabric


Although silk fabric is such a luxurious and high-end fabric, it is still used for several end uses, in a number of different industries.

  1. Fashion: shirts, skirts, dresses, scarves, lingerie, accessories
  2. Furnishings: upholstery, wall coverings, curtains and drapes, bedding, rugs, wall hangings
  3. Industrial: parachutes, bicycle tires, duvet fillings, gunpowder bags



With a wealth of remarkable properties and qualities, silk fabric is an extremely popular and sought-after natural fabric to work with and wear.

Some of its most renowned properties include:

  • Luxurious
  • Lustrous
  • Elegant
  • Beautiful drape
  • Associated with richness and royalty
  • Strong and durable
  • Low conductivity
  • Moisture wicking
  • Smooth
  • Fabric surface texture ripples like water

Advantages of silk fabrics

Although China maintained a monopoly on the silk trade for thousands of years, with advances in textile technology silk fabric UK made and worldwide is highly available. You can find a variety of silk fabric online with the option to choose printed silk fabric or plain fabric.

Besides its luxurious softness and opulence and undeniable beauty, silk has a lot of advantages over many other fabrics; both natural and synthetic. Due to its natural protein structure, silk is the most hyper-allergenic of all fabrics. This is a moisture-wicking fabric which can absorb up to 30% of its own weight in moisture without making the wearer feel damp and uncomfortable.

Silk also blends seamlessly with other fabrics and takes colour very well. Sewers and dressmakers enjoy creating with silk as it is easy to work with.
In contrast to its delicate appearance, one of the most surprising advantages of silk fabric is that it is actually strong as well as robust and is known to be the strongest natural fibre available

Some Silk Fabrics











  1. What is Canvas Fabrics?

From sales and awnings to shoes and bags, canvas fabric is one of the world’s most widely used materials. Cotton canvas fabric and other fibers are used in the construction of this durable fabric.

Renowned for being sturdy, strong and tear-resistant, canvas fabric is a material that has been in use and in demand since 3,000 BC where it was used to make sails, canopies, awnings, and outdoor shelters. Cotton canvas fabric is firm as well as heavy and closely woven in a plain weave or a plain weave variation.

Heavy-duty canvas fabric is tightly woven and has therefore been used for a great many ends uses, ranging from outdoor equipment to art canvases. The name canvas derives from “cannabis” from the Latin word for hemp. Some canvases are still made from hemp, thus keeping this versatile fabric traditional.

Canvas can be constructed from several fibres, including:

  1. Cotton canvas fabric – one of the most common types of canvas. Medium strength that is between 10 and 20 times stronger when wet as opposed to dry.
  2. Linen canvas fabric – another natural fibre, which can be used for making canvas. It is 2 to 3 times stronger than cotton and is extremely taut.
  3. Synthetic fibres – canvas can be constructed from synthetic fibres, or blends. By blending them with natural fibres, you can retain the natural abilities and combine them with durability and resilient.
  4. Hemp canvas fabric – this natural fibre is resistant to mildew, rot, and sunlight. Hemp canvas is naturally repellent to insects are is more elastic than cotton or linen.

How is it manufactured?

Canvas fabric UK made is usually constructed of cotton or linen. However, other fibres, such as hemp, jute, polyester, nylon, and blends are also sometimes used to create canvas.

Canvas has a very simple weave; the weft thread just goes over one warp thread and under the next.  It is a warp-faced fabric in which the warp yarns have more crimp around more or less straight weft yarns.

To make art canvases, the canvas fabric is usually treated with a layer or 2 of gesso primer to the surface. If the canvas is left untreated, then the fabric can soak up the paint, causing some of it to disappear and some to clot on the surface.

Purposes of canvas fabric

The purposes of the canvas are wide and varied, from art canvases to furniture. It is a diverse textile and many of the original uses of the canvas are still being utilized. Painting surfaces, sails, tents, shelters, and outerwear are still popular uses for canvas. Some are given a contemporary twist, for example, deckchair canvas fabric, thanks to its strength, durability, and resilience to water.

Because of its abundant strength, manufacturers use canvas to create anything that requires a tough and robust finish while still retaining a natural and almost traditional look. Bags, backpacks, shoes, totes, trampolines and ever coats as well as outwear all benefit from canvas fabric.


Because it is so tightly woven when the material becomes wet, the fibers will swell, filling in any gaps and creating a waterproof canvas fabric. Some other notable properties of canvas include:

  • Strong
  • Durable
  • Sturdy
  • Thick
  • Relatively stiff
  • Made from a simple weave
  • Tightly woven
  • Can be made from different fibers
  • Windproof
  • Stress and ladder resistant
  • When treated properly, is waterproof and flame resistant
  • Some constructions have a degree of stretch, where others are taut
  • Can be blended with synthetic and natural fibres

Advantages of canvas fabric

Canvas fabrics have a whole range of advantages which makes it a great fabric choice for so many end uses. You can buy canvas fabric wholesale and online, in a range of sizes, weights and fibre compositions.

One of the major advantages of canvas is that it readily accepts a range of chemical treatments to improve upon its natural qualities.

By combining synthetic materials with natural fibres, you can create a canvas which is light yet robust, and is completely weather-resistant. This blend has made canvas a popular choice for industrial, architectural and marine uses.

Some Canvas Fabrics





  1. What is Polycotton Fabric?

Poly cotton material is a combination of both natural cotton and synthetic polyester fibres. The fibres are woven together to create a hybrid yarn of the two. However, the percentage of polyester vs. cotton can vary greatly, depending on the use for the fabric. Poly cotton is normally a thin and lightweight fabric, that is surprisingly strong and durable.

A popular choice of fabric for clothing and bedding, poly cotton has the soft and absorbent qualities of cotton as well as the durable and easy to care for nature of polyester.

Some popular poly cotton materials include:

  • Boston Pique Knit – water absorbent, pique knit construct,160gsm, mesh like, flexible.
  • Lima Cotton Lawn – tightly woven, 145gsm, smooth, cool,durable, soft, breathable.
  • Lima Cotton Poplin – 200gsm, tight, plain weave, water absorbent, smooth, taut.
  • Mayfair Herringbone Weave – soft, cotton feel, tight weave, solid, matte, 269gsm
  • Mulmul Soft Muslin – muslin weave, super soft, strong, durable, 55gsm, woven
  • Panama Flo – 150gsm, woven, durable, solid, strong, taut, half panama
  • Cotton Sheeting – tight, plain weave, 130gsm, strong, soft face, breathable, spun yarns
  • Woven Canvas – tightly woven, durable, 300gsm & 500gsm, non-stretch, smooth

How is it manufactured?

Polycotton fabric is manufactured by combining the natural fibre cotton with the synthetic or manmade fibre, polyester. The fusing of the fibres can be done at either the fibre stage or at the yarn stage. Although it results in a slightly more expensive fabric, combining them at the fibre stage tends to give a more superior quality.

Purposes of polycotton fabric

The purpose of polycotton fabric is to create a material that has the best of both worlds – the natural breathability and beauty of cotton and the durability and longevity of polyester. Mixing the two fibres can utilize the properties of differing strengths, dyeability, breathability and more. Cotton can be added to polyester to help give the polyester more of a moisture wicking finish, and polyester can be added to cotton to give it more durability and flexibility.

By creating a poly cotton material hybrid, you will get a fabric that has the advantages of both fibres; tough, durable, breathable, soft, and affordable.


The blend of cotton and polyester fibres have a wealth of properties, that makes them a popular choice for many end uses, in particular clothing and bedding. Some common properties of poly cotton include:

  • Wrinkle resistant
  • Strong and durable
  • Breathable
  • Can be ironed
  • Shrinks less than pure cotton
  • Retain colour
  • Cheaper than 100% cotton
  • Fade resistant
  • Can be washed more often
  • Easy to sew

Advantages of polycotton fabric

The blend of the two fibres is created to afford the advantages of both the cotton and the poly fibres into one fabric. While 100% cotton is fully breathable, it can also be more expensive and not as durable as polyester. On the other side, while polyester is not at all breathable, it has brilliant durability and tends to be tear resistant. It is also a cheaper fibre. One can then see that when the two fibres are combined, they create a hybrid yarn that has all the advantages of cotton and polyester.

The final fabric is normally soft, comfortable, and flexible with a breathable nature. It is also tear-resistant, less prone to pilling and static, and can be made into abrasion-resistant fabrics, such as canvas. Poly cotton is also less expensive that 100% cotton, and you can often find different ratios of the fibres, which will suit your end purpose.

Some Polycotton Fabrics











  1. What is Crepe Fabric?

Crepe is one of the most popular fabrics for garment and dressmaking. It is versatile, beautiful and easy to work with and is available in a wide variety of styles, weights and fibres.

The word crepe comes from the French crêper which means “to crinkle.” It is a fabric that has a distinct crinkled surface, that can feel rough and grainy, or slightly softer, depending on the construction. Crepe material can be both woven and knitted, although it is the woven versions that are springy and can also fray quite easily. This is a fabric that can be made from any fibre or yarn; both manmade and natural. They can also be made from a blend of fibres. Many crepes take their names from the yarn from which they are made from, “silk crepe”, “cotton crepe,” and so on.

Some of the most popular crepes include:

  • Crepe de Chine – Fine, soft, lightweight, dry and crisp handle with a beautiful drape
  • Crepe Jersey – Tightly knitted, medium weight, solid, breathable, lovely drape, crepe face
  • Scuba Crepe – Heavyweight, knitted, solid. Similar to think neoprene with crepe face
  • Crepe Chiffon – Soft, flimsy, sheer. Lightweight like chiffon but with the distinct crepe texture
  • French Crepe – Very soft, flat, lightweight. Inexpensive crepe option made from twisted yarns
  • Crepe Georgette – Fine, lightweight, woven crepe with a crisp, grainy and dull surface texture

How is it manufactured?

Crepe is a twisted weave fabric. The almost pebble like handle does not wrinkle or crease easily, which is one of its main benefits. When being manufactured, it is usually made with highly twisted yarns in the weft and sometimes in the warp – or even both. It is usually made with a plain weave and the surface can be either smooth or quite rough. Crepe material can be manufactured from all major fibres, both natural and synthetic, making it a universally versatile, affordable, and popular fabric option.

Purposes of crepe material

Crepe is a wonderful fabric that is used to make a wide range of clothing. Crepe is rich in texture and style and is fairly easy to work with. This makes it a popular choice with designers and dressmakers for making fashion garments. Consumers love crepe because it is so easy to care for, and because it is such an affordable textile. It varies in weight and opacity, which helps make it an all-round versatile fabric.

Crepe is well suited for any item of clothing that requires a flowing and draped aesthetic. Garments such as blouses, skirts, and dresses all work beautifully with crepe.


Crepes shrink significantly as they relax during finishing. This is something that should be taking into account when planning the fabric dimensions that you need. Some other common properties of crepe include:

  • Crisp handle
  • Crimped appearance
  • Textured face
  • Tightly woven
  • Twisted fibres
  • Dry handle
  • Mainly lightweight
  • Solid structure
  • Lots of variations
  • Flexible
  • Beautiful drape
  • Soft
  • Comfortable to wear
  • Absorbent
  • Easy to work with

Advantages of crepe material

Because crepe can be made from any fibre, a main advantage of this popular fabric is that it is versatile and can range greatly in price. Wool and polyester crepes are common and overall very affordable. There are also crepes made from natural and more expensive yarns, such as silk, which gives them a luxurious edge.

This is a low maintenance and easy to care for fabric (depending on the fibre it is made from. Synthetics are always easier to care for over natural fibres such as silk). It wraps well and does not wrinkle easily and therefore requires very little care to keep it looking good. It is a lightweight material that has excellent draping qualities, making it a constant popular choice for tops, dresses, and trousers.

Some Crepe Fabrics








  1. What is Lycra Fabric?

Lycra fabric is is an essential textile in the fashion, active wear and sportswear industries. With a unique flexibility and durability, which gives strength and stretch to many other fabrics, Lycra material is always a popular choice.

Lycra fabric is the brand name for elastane material. This is a general term for any textile where elastane yarns have been used in its construction. It is strong and flexible, like rubber. It does not lose its shape or stretch when pulled and it has excellent recovery.

Lycra material can also be known as Spandex. It is a polyurethane based synthetic fibre, which has an exceptionally high degree of stretch and rapid recovery. Initially developed in 1958, it was created to replace latex rubber as a stretching agent in clothing. It is usually combined with other fibres, such as cotton or polyester and it is used in a huge variety of products – from fashion to medical equipment.

How is it manufactured?

Lycra is made up of a long chain polymer called polyurethane. This is produced by reacting a polyester with a diiscoyanate. The polymer is made into a fibre using a dry spinning process.

The unique stretchy attribute of Lycra fibres is a result of the yarn’s chemical composition. A block co-polymer process produces them. The long flexible blocks of polyurethane alternate with shorter, more crystalline segments. The longer portions provide the stretchiness and the crystalline segments create re-enforcing points. This is what makes it such a strong and durable fibre.

Purposes of Lycra fabric

Lycra is mainly used in the fashion and sportswear industries. It is a popular fibre choice for women’s undergarments and lingerie. It can also be used for homeware products, such as fitted sheets, or anything else that requires a degree of flexibility.

Because it doesn’t get damaged by sunlight, sweat or detergents, it is a very durable material. These are key reasons why it is such a popular textile for sportswear, activewear and swimwear.

Lycra is always combined with other fibres, but the amount of Lycra used is different for every end use. For fashion items, as little as 2% Lycra is added to give the garment shape retention, drape, movement, and form. High performance garments – such as those used in activewear – require more Lycra fabric. These can contain up to 20 – 30%.


Lycra material is a flexible and forgiving fibre. When combined with other fabrics, it can provide security, comfort, and support.

Some of the most notable properties of Lycra fabric include:

  • Stretchy and very flexible
  • Can be stretched to 4 to 7 times its initial length
  • Springs back to original length when released
  • Excellent ageing and mildew resistance
  • Durable and strong
  • Always combined with other fibres
  • Easily dyed
  • Resists pilling and abrasion
  • Moisture wicking
  • Excellent holding power
  • Machine washable

Advantages of Lycra fabric

Lycra comes with a plethora of advantages, that makes it a pleasure to wear and gives the wearer many benefits. When you blend Lycra with other fibres, there are even more advantages.

Lycra material is very popular in clothing and sportswear, since it is lightweight and breathable. It is also extremely comfortable, as it gives you support while remaining flexible. Another advantage for wearing Lycra is that it is moisture wicking. The material dries very quickly, making it an ideal choice for athletic and swimwear.

This strong and durable fabric is naturally bacteria resistant. It also blocks ultraviolet rays, giving it an advantage for outdoor clothing.

Some Lycra Fabrics










  1. What is Lace Fabric?

A fabric made by machine or hand, lace fabric is a delicate and beautiful textile, which has a distinct open web like pattern. Lace is a beautiful decorative textile, that is in a fabric family of its own. It can be made from any fibre, but the most common include; cotton, wool, silk, rayon, nylon, and polyester.

Lace consists of 2 elements:

The design – this is usually a floral pattern or a group, which creates the decorative and more solid part of the fabric
The ground fabric – this serves to hold the pattern together
Lace making can be dated as far back as the Bronze Age. Originally all lace was made by hand with bobbins or a needle. Handmade lace is one of the most complex and time-consuming textiles to produce. It requires very skilled labour; hence why it is also one of the most expensive materials.

How is it manufactured?

Lace is an open work fabric which consists of a network of yarns formed to create intricate, elaborate, and decorative designs. As well as being handmade in the traditional manner, or machine made, lace can also be produced with an intricate pattern scan.

It is made of fine yarns which are looped, twisted or knotted together in a variety of different lace constructions. Lace can be produced in piece form and as narrow fabric edgings. Elastane is often added for stretch and additional flexibility.

There are 2 main groups of handmade lace:

  • Needlepoint lace – handmade lace that has evolved from thread work and cutwork techniques. These are made by embroidering complicated designs with an embroidery needle onto a fabric base
  • Bobbin or Pillow lace – made by twisting threads around pins to form the pattern. The yarns are plaited and twisted around many pins arranged in a design on hard cushions or pillows

There is also knitted lace. This has an open mesh structure, which is like traditional lace. It can be weft or warp knitted and comes in a variety of weights.

Purposes of lace fabric

Laces are made in different widths for different uses. Lace fabric for wedding dresses has always been a popular use for the textile. This is thanks to its romantic and feminine qualities, as well as its decorative aesthetic.

Lace fabric for curtains is another main purpose for lace. The delicate design and transparent composition give partial privacy, while still allowing in natural light and adding decoration.

This pretty fabric is an important trimming, ideal for everything from clothing and accessories to homeware. More purposes of lace are; table cloths, lace fabric for curtains, handkerchiefs, lingerie and clothing.


Lace fabric’s most distinct property is of course, the web like pattern in varying designs. Some other key properties and characteristics include:

  • Transparency
  • Does not unravel
  • Becomes softer when washed
  • Is made up of a web like design or pattern
  • Some have no selvage
  • Does not have a grainline
  • Can shrink in hot water
  • Most have vertical and horizontal patterns, which need to be matched
  • Most have a one-way design
  • Edges can be straight or curved
  • Designs can be narrow or wide

Advantages of lace fabric

With its delicate and decorative nature, lace fabric for wedding dresses is a common style choice. Wedding lace fabric can add elegance and personality to a dress. It can be used in a more traditional way, to create modest and classic dresses, or in contemporary ways – such as in applique, veils, and detailing, as we see on the runways.

Using lace fabric for curtains has many advantages. From home décor to allowing privacy without blocking out day light. There is no wonder why lace curtain fabric has been such a popular interior trend for centuries.

Another advantage of lace is that is can be used for just about any clothing pattern. From casual t-shirts to lace fabric for wedding dresses! It also makes a wonderful applique or accent fabric for lingerie and nightgowns.

Some Lace Fabrics


  1. What is Velvet Fabric?

Known for its luxurious softness and opulence, velvet material has been a favoured fabric for clothing and upholstery for decades. But what is velvet? A heavy, rich, and sumptuous textile, that has been woven since the Middle Ages, velvet is renowned for being associated with royalty.

Velvet is a woven warp pile fabric. Therefore, it is not a fibre, such as silk, cotton, or cashmere. The term refers to the weave. It is a woven tufted fabric, with cut threads distributed evenly along the ground material. Characteristically, it has a short, dense pile.

The quality of the textile is determined by the density of the pile tufts, and the way that they are anchored to the base fabric. There are many kinds of velvet. Some of the most renowned include:

  • Marbled velvet – a beautiful marbled effect, created by the pile going in all directions
  • Velvet shimmer – a reinforced woven back, making it strong, with a shimmering face
  • Plush velvet – thick, warm, and sumptuous with a very soft brushed face
  • Cotton velvet – made using cotton yarns for both the pile and the ground. Less luxurious but harder wearing
  • Antique velvet – woven with occasional slub weft yarns producing an uneven surface
  • Brocade velvet – a velvet material where the pile is sheared at different lengths to create a pattern
  • Crushed velvet – a normal, solid velvet in which the pile is pressed or crushed in different directions

How is it manufactured?

When considering velvet manufacturing, the question of “what is velvet” is once again important.  As the name refers to a certain weave, velvet is a woven fabric.

Woven as a double cloth on a specialist loom, that can weave 2 thicknesses of the textile at the same time. The 2 pieces of material are cut apart to create the distinctive pile effect. These 2 lengths of fabric are wound on individual take-up rolls.

It is a complex process, which gives an indication as to why it is renowned for being an expensive and luxurious fabric. Velvet can be made from natural – such as cotton, wool or linen – or synthetic – such as rayon, polyester or viscose – fibres.

Purposes of velvet fabric

Velvet material can give any room or wardrobe an instant luxurious aesthetic. Cotton velvet is a very popular choice when it comes to clothing. From skirts, blazers and coats, velvet is an excellent choice, especially for autumn and winter fashion.

Thanks to its durability and elegance, velvet is a popular choice for upholstery and interior décor. Home furnishings such as cushions, bed coverings, drapes, curtains, and furniture upholstery are given a deluxe and gilded air when made in velvet.


Smooth and luxurious, with many different variants, velvet is one of the world’s best loved fabrics. It is heavy and durable with a lustrous sheen. However, many properties depend on the type of material or fibre used to make the velvet fabric:

  1. Silk velvet has a shimmering, almost fluid surface. It also has a soft and more flexible drape
  2. Synthetic velvets, made from acetate or rayon, mirror the strong sheen, but the drape is not as natural and fluid

In general velvet is:

  • Luxurious
  • Heavy
  • Soft
  • Elegant
  • Comfortable
  • Warm
  • Structured

Advantages of velvet fabric

Velvet is a versatile fabric and can be used for both interiors, upholstery, and clothing. It is soft and opulent, and is seeing increasing popularity in both areas.

Originally, the ground fibre was made from cotton and the pile fibre was silk. However, nowadays both the pile and ground fibres are woven in several different types of fibres, which makes it a far more universal and affordable fabric.

This is a key advantage of velvet fabric. What once was a textile only affordable for the affluent few, is now made with so many fibres, that it can be used by most.

Some of the velvet fabrics






Fabrics by Usage:

  1. Upholstery Fabric
  2. Curtain Fabric
  3. Quilt Fabric
  4. Cushion Fabric
  5. Outdoor Fabric
  6. Dress Fabric
  7. Suit Fabric
  8. Coat Fabric
  9. Lining Fabric
  10. Shirting Fabric
  11. T-Shirt Fabric
  12. Bridal Fabric
  13. Trouser Fabric
  14. Lingerie Fabric
  15. Sports Fabric
  16. Cosplay Fabric
  17. Furniture Fabric
  18. Craft Fabric
  19. Tricot Fabric
  20. Tracksuit Fabric









  1. What is Upholstery Fabric?

Upholstery fabric is the material, which covers upholstery, or padding, on furniture and it determines its look and its character. There are many different types of upholstery fabric online and in stores and you can even create custom upholstery fabric, to suit your specific décor requirements. It is important to take your time when choosing the right material for you, as this is something, which will live in your home, office, or other personal space for a long time.

Upholstery fabrics are made from either natural or synthetic fibres. Some popular choices include:

Natural upholstery fabric:

  • Cotton
  • Silk
  • Linen
  • Cotton Blend
  • Chenille
  • Velvet

Synthetic upholstery fabric:

  • Polyester
  • Nylon
  • Acetate
  • Acrylic
  • Rayon
  • Olefin

How is it manufactured?

Every fabric is manufactured differently and has its own fibre weight and weave, thus their own properties and strengths. Synthetic fabrics and natural fabrics are produced very differently.

Whereas synthetic fabrics are made using a combination of natural fibres and chemicals, or are 100% synthetic, natural fibres are produced by taking a natural substance, like a plant, and breaking down its components to make strands of fibres.

Purposes of upholstery fabric

The main purposes of upholstery fabric are to protect the actual upholstery as well as too look aesthetically pleasing. When it comes to creating a bespoke look, many people opt to have stylish fabric covering their chairs, sofas, and other furniture. Upholstery fabric is also perfect for giving old, tired furniture a fresh and enticing look, which can be an exciting and rewarding project. You can also use it for drapes and other decorative applications around the home.

When planning, which fabric is right for you, you need to ask yourself certain questions: what room is this for? What sort of activity will take place in this room? How often will this furniture be used? etc. Why are these questions so vital? Each fabric has its own unique attributes, which make it a great choice to use in a family room, for example, but not the best for formal furniture and vice versa.


Depending on the material, fabric upholstery can be extremely durable and stand up to daily use very well. There are several properties, which synthetic fabrics have, which make them a welcome choice for many homes. Always read the labels and properties of your chosen fabric, but these can normally include:

  • High resistance to wear
  • Fade-resistant – they retain colour brilliantly
  • Shrink-resistant
  • Much easier to clean
  • Wipeable and washable
  • Sturdy
  • Can be fire-retardant

Overall, natural fibres are not as durable as synthetic fabrics, and require extra care and diligence due to their lower resistance to wear and tear, however, they have a luxurious finish and comfort, which cannot always be replicated and they look beautiful.

Advantages of upholstery fabric

The best thing about upholstery fabric is the huge variety of properties, that makes it possible to decorate furniture per your own specific needs and aesthetic requirements. With custom upholstery you can choose the exact fabric you want, your perfect design and the level of durability, thus creating your own unique fabric, which will give your furniture a bespoke and exclusive look.

Some Upholstery Fabric






  1. What is Curtain Fabric?

Curtain fabric can apply to any material, which is used when making curtains or drapes. It can help determine a rooms style and character, and, as such, there is a wide variety available when choosing fabrics from shops or when browsing curtain fabric online. When creating a bespoke aesthetic in your home, one of the best options is to design custom curtain fabric online. This way, you will be sure to get the style, textile, and design, which best suits your specific requirements.

Certain curtain material can also be used to cover cushions, make throws, and be used for crafts and some light upholstery.

Curtain fabric UK made and printed can be created from natural and synthetic fibres and come in different weights. The weight of the textile helps give curtains their character and determines whether they are fashionable, functional or both.

Popular curtain fabrics include:

  • Cotton Satin – classic satin, made from 100% natural cotton
  • Mulmul Soft Muslin – light and soft muslin weave made from durable polyester
  • Paris Chiffon – soft and silky, which is sheer and light
  • Poly Georgette – crepe like with the beauty of silk and the strength of polyester
  • Suede Vision – super soft, faux suede, which is strong and matt in appearance
  • Lace – delicate and utterly feminine, which is light and breezy

How is it manufactured?

Every fabric has its own manufacturing methods. Natural materials, such as cotton and linen, are produced very differently to synthetic textiles, such as polyester and velvet.

The different weights and designs in curtain material makes a difference to the manufacturing process too – lace can be handmade and more time consuming and brocade and damask require more labour intensive techniques. Natural fabrics are made by taking substances such as cotton and breaking them down into fibres, which are then spun into yarns. Synthetic fabrics are created using chemicals and other substances.

Purposes of curtain fabric?

The main purposes of curtain material is to add flair or practicality to a room. Curtains are used to give a room a sense of privacy and security. They also determine how much light is let in, and can be used for insulating purposes. You can buy curtain fabric by the metre, to ensure you have an adequate amount for your project.

When deciding, which textile is right for you, think of where they will be hung. Asking questions are necessary because each cloth carries with it its own unique qualities and attributes, which makes it suitable for different uses. If you want to block out light in a bedroom, lace would be inadequate, whereas a medium weight damask will add character and obscure the light.


The properties for these materials can vary, depending on their weight and construction. From lightweight and ethereal to durable and black-out, the common properties of curtain material fall into 3 categories; lightweight, medium-weight and heavy weight.


  • Light and airy in appearance
  • Provoke a romantic and more casual atmosphere
  • Can let a lot of light into a room
  • Possibly more for style than function


  • Thicker and more substantial than lightweight
  • Has a good drape and structure
  • Omits some natural daylight
  • Balances style with functionality


  • Give a more distinguished look
  • Rich, sturdy and solid
  • Suit more formal rooms and bedrooms
  • Block out most daylight
  • Don’t drape as well as lighter fabrics

Advantages of curtain fabric

Choosing fabric online gives you’re a huge variety of styles, cloths, weights and designs to select from. You need to consider what the textile is being bought for and for which room – keeping in mind that curtains can be the focal point. You can create a room based around a stunning pair of curtains and by opting for customised curtain fabric, you can select the style, design, price, durability, and length that you want.

Some Curtain Fabric





  1. What is Quilt Fabric?

Quilting fabric is a general term for any fabric which can be used for making decorative or functional quilts. Quilting is an ancient art which has crossed over from a traditional art form to a mainstream one.

A quilt is a sandwich of materials usually made with a top pieced of smaller cuts (patchwork quilting fabrics) with a bottom layer of a solid cloth and a centre layer of batting. These layers are basted and quilted together by hand or machine to bond them and create the final quilt.

Fabric for quilting can vary from cotton and linen to silk and satin. Quilting cottons are medium weight cottons and tend to feel stiffer while holding their shape quite well. When choosing quilting fabric online the qualities of the textiles should be made clear.

Popular choices for patchwork quilting fabrics:

  1. Quilters Weight Cotton
  2. Satin
  3. Cotton Satin
  4. Silk Satin
  5. Poplin
  6. Cotton Silk Blend
  7. Cotton Twill
  8. Voile
  9. Velvet
  10. Polycotton Blends

How is it manufactured?

Each quilting fabric is made with a slightly different manufacturing process. Some quilting fabrics are UK made whereas others are manufactured overseas.

Quilter’s cotton is made from naturally grown cotton which is harvested and manufactured either by hand or machine. Textile mills process raw bales of cotton into yarn using techniques such as carding, combing and spinning to produce the yarn.

Silk, however, is an animal protein fibre which is produced by certain insects to make their cocoons. It is harvested and treated to make silk from the fibres.

Textiles such as satin and velvet are types of weaves which can be made from silk, cotton or other fibres.

Purposes of quilting fabric

Quilting materials have grown in popularity as quilting has become an increasingly favoured hobby. The purpose of quilting fabric is to make a quilt – patchwork or other. They can also be used to make quilted clothing and apparel, such as dressing gowns, bed jackets, coats, skiwear, snowsuits, body warmers, hoods and more.

Different materials provide a range of textures, drapes, weights and weaves. The purposes of these fabrics are to provide your quilt with character, depth, design and flair. Fabric for quilting depends on what you want your final project to look like and what its main purpose is.


The properties of fabric for quilting can vary from material to material. Traditionally, Quilter’s weight cotton has been used in quilt making but increasingly, crafters and designers are choosing more varied textiles to create their quilts. Some of these materials and their properties include:

  • Cotton – comfortable, soft, colour retention, prints well, durable
  • Satin – glossy, luxe, woven, delicate, a fabric blend
  • Silk – low density, resilient, insulating, strong, shimmers, comfortable
  • Linen – durable, stronger when wet, natural, creases easily, smooth and cool
  • Voile – lightweight, semi-sheer, woven, soft, silky, gentle drape
  • Poplin – soft, non-stretch, matt, opaque, tight, plain weave
  • Velvet – soft, luxurious, non-stretch, opaque, strong, durable

Advantages of quilting fabric

The advantage of using fabric for quilting is that these specific textiles are created for this specific use. Quality cotton quilting fabric is less prone to shrinkage and bleeding and has less chemicals in the material. A quilt is all about the fabric used to make it, so, realistically, if the cloth is tightly woven enough to cover the batting and be secured by stitching, then any fabric can be used.

Quilt making is a true art form and a major advantage of this is that the material choice can truly fall to the crafter or artist. This is why patchwork quilts are so popular – you can select several kinds of cloth to create one statement quilt. Scraps of cloth become significant once again and meaning is put behind every piece.

Some Quilting Fabrics






  1. What is Cushion Fabric?

Cushion fabric is any fabric that can be used to make cushions or pillows. There is a huge variety of materials available for creating cushions, and the fabric you choose can influence the style and character of the entire room. By designing custom cushion fabric online, you’ll get a sense of the aesthetic of your piece and understand what design and fabric suits your particular needs.

Some cushion materials can also be used to create bedding, throws, and for some crafts.

Both organic, natural fibres and synthetic fibres can be used to create cushion fabrics, and are available in a variety of weights and finishes. The texture of your chosen material determines the final feel of the product, and whether it is purely decorative, or functional too.

Popular cushion fabrics include:

  • Marbled Velvet – elegant and sumptuous, super soft velvet.
  • Cotton Linen – a blend of natural cotton and linen fabrics.
  • Lima Cotton Lawn – a lightweight, smooth, cool and hard-wearing fabric.
  • Cotton Satin – a classic satin made from natural cotton.
  • Soft Velvet – soft and luxurious to the touch.
  • Real Silk Satin – 100% natural silk, lightweight fabric made of a satin weave.

How is it manufactured?

Every fabric is manufactured differently, dependent on what it’s comprised of and whether it is a natural or synthetic material. Cushion materials spans a broad range of fabrics, and the weight and texture of the fabric determines its manufacturing process. Natural materials use cotton and similar substances and break them down into fibres, before weaving them as yarns. Chemicals are often used to create synthetic materials.

What is Cushion Fabric Used For?

Cushion fabric can be both functional and fashionable; dazzling cushions can add some style to a room, or tie together a colour scheme. They also add comfort to your living area; whether it’s on your sofa for guests to get comfy, or on your bed for some extra cosiness. You can buy your cushion fabric by the metre to get the custom measurements you need for your cushion-making.

Consider where your cushions will be used, and what design you’d like to print on them. Certain fabrics, such as the organic half-panama cotton, have an unbleached finish meaning flecks of cotton seed will be visible through your design. For a soft cushion, try a variety of velvet, and for a luxury cushion, satin or silk is the perfect option.


Cushion fabric properties can vary greatly. From silky satin and smooth to more durable and sturdy canvas, there is something to suit everyone. These are the main three categories that cushion materials fall under:


  • Generally best in silk, satin or a smooth material
  • Adds an essence of luxury to your home
  • Possibly more for style than function
  • Shows off your designs beautifully
  • Lightweight material


  • Thicker and sturdier materials
  • Has more of a structure than silky fabrics
  • Can withstand general wear and tear
  • Perfect if the cushions will be used frequently, or with little ones at home


  • Super comfy and cosy, yet still durable
  • Perfect for added comfort in your bedroom
  • Still balances function with fashion
  • Not as structured as sturdier fabrics

Advantages of cushion fabric

Cushion fabric is incredibly versatile, and there’s a huge range of different textures, weights and finishes to choose from. Think about the purpose of your cushions; where will they be displayed? Will they be used or admired? In which room? Cushions can easily tie together the theme of a room, so it’s important to make sure you choose the best material for you.

Some Cushion Fabric












  1. What is outdoor fabric?

Outdoor fabric is the perfect blend of style and function. Outdoor fabric, such as outdoor upholstery fabric, is a type of material that is suitable for use outside, for example, in the garden, for clothing, for camping and other outdoor pursuits.

It can be waterproof fabric, specifically designed to repel water or outdoor cushion fabric which is durable, water-resistant and, equally as important, soft and comfortable.

There are also specific fabrics which work best for outdoor clothing usage, thanks to their myriad of properties. Materials can be made from synthetic or natural fibres or a blend of both.

There are several types of outdoor fabric which have either natural attributes that make them suitable for outdoor use, or have been made specifically for that purpose. Some of these include:

  • Fleece
  • Canvas
  • Oilcloth
  • Polyester
  • Nylon
  • Neoprene
  • Treated cotton
  • Cotton canvas
  • Duck cloth

How is it manufactured?

Outdoor fabrics are made from a variety of fibres or fibre blends. They are designed to be more durable than indoor fabrics and undergo a chemical treatment process during manufacturing that ensures they will resist mildew and stains, amongst other things.

These textiles are made to have specific properties and some are treated to withstand higher levels of UV rays than others.

Purposes of outdoor fabric

All fabrics are created for a purpose, and outdoor fabrics are made to withstand extreme weather and temperatures.

Outdoor upholstery fabric and outdoor cushion fabric can help you to create a unique outdoor space. To offer protection from the sun or rain, you might need outdoor canopy fabric to make a parasol for patios, outdoor furniture or a swimming pool.

Outdoor clothing needs specific fabrics to ensure that they keep you warm or cool, dry and that they can move easily without restriction.


Outdoor fabrics have many properties which make them essential for everyday life. They are woven fibres which differ in durability and strength. Some of the most vital characteristics include:

  • Resistant to water
  • Do not promote mildew growth
  • Resistant to staining
  • Offer some form of UV protection
  • Durable
  • Insulating
  • Resistant to fading
  • Resistant to creasing and shrinking
  • Strong
  • Easy to clean

Advantages of outdoor fabric

Outdoor textiles allow you to highlight your style and provide exceptional functionality. There are many advantages to these fabrics which makes them superior to other materials that are intended for indoor use. Best of all, they can hold up to the elements without sacrificing style.

Outdoor fabrics have come a long way over the years, thanks to technological advancements in textiles. They are made to withstand UV rays, pollen, dirt, mildew and precipitation. They can also be cleaned very easily.

Another advantage of outdoor fabric is that you can use them indoors. Thanks to their stain and water-resistant properties, not to mention their robust and durable nature, they are perfect to use in homes with children, pets or high-traffic areas.

Some outdoor fabrics










  1. What is Dress Fabric?

Dress fabric or dress material is a general term for any kind of textile which can be used for making dresses and other kinds of apparel. When choosing dress fabric online, you will be met with a wide selection of options varying in weight, design, construction and styles. There are certain fabrics which are more suited to dressmaking, some which are better for suits and jackets, and others which are best for sportswear or trousers.

Dress fabric UK made is always a popular choice with sewers, and these are some of the more favoured dressmaking fabrics:

  • Cotton
  • Jersey
  • Satin
  • Twill
  • Crepe
  • Silk
  • Lycra
  • Poplin
  • Lawn
  • Polycotton

How is it manufactured?

Dressmaking fabric is either knitted or woven and can be constructed from natural and animal fibres, such as cotton, silk, flax, wool or hemp; or synthetic fibres, such as nylon, polyester or acrylic.

Woven fabrics are made up of a weft (the thread going across the width of the fabric) and a warp (the thread going down the length of the loom). There are 3 types of woven fabrics: plain, twill, and satin. Knitted fabrics come as weft-knitted and warp-knitted, and can be knitted by hand or machine.

Purposes of dress fabric

Dress fabric refers to textiles which are most suitable for when it comes to clothes and dressmaking. As there are so many kinds of clothing available, there are also many types of dress material.

It is important to consider the purpose of the dress of clothing you are planning to make. Is it formal? Casual? High-end? Does it need to have any particular functions, such as resistance to water or creases? Does it need to be durable and easy to clean? Every fabric has specific purposes and these need to be researched before a project is started.


From silk dress fabric for creating stunning, luxurious silk dresses to wedding dress fabric for creating the dress of your dreams, there are many properties for dress material.

  • Cotton – very versatile, woven cotton comes in many different weights, often used for as cotton dress fabric, for shirts, skirts, trousers, jeans and accessories
  • Cotton jersey/knit – knitted by machine, very popular for t-shirts and other apparel, stretchy and comfortable
  • Linen – variety of weights, easily creased, often blended with cotton, great for summer clothing
  • Silk – luxurious, slippery, glossy face, woven fabric, which can be difficult to sew, used for blouses, dresses and underwear etc.
  • Polyester and polycotton – synthetic fabric or synthetic and natural blend, generally lightweight, durable and crease resistant, woven, used for all manner of apparel 

Advantages of dress fabric

You can purchase dress fabric online very easily or visit dress fabric shops. If you are unsure of what fabric is right for your project, why not order a selection of test prints or a swatch pack which will give you a better idea of the properties of each one?

The advantages of dressmaking fabric are wide and varied. You have the option of choosing the perfect fabric to suit your occasion, body type and budget. Opt for slinky and comfortable jerseys for all day, easy wear, elegant silks, and satins for a luxe and high-end feel, or even cotton dress fabric for a natural and durable finish.

Some Dress Fabric







  1. What is Suit Fabric?

Suit fabric is any fabric that can be used to design and create a suit. The fabric of your suit can affect the way it hangs, feels and looks, so be sure to consider the style of suit you want to create. Lighter fabrics are ideal for Summer or more casual outfits, and heavier materials are perfect for warmer Winter wear, or formal occasions. By designing suit fabrics online, you’ll begin to understand the aesthetics of your suit and get a sense of your particular needs.

A huge variety of fabrics can be used to create suits, including both organic, natural materials and synthetic ones. Certain fabrics will suit some body types better than others – the texture and weight of your preferred material will determine the final feel and look of the product, and whether it can be worn for work or pleasure – or both.

Popular suit fabrics include:

  • Silk Satin – 100% natural silk, lightweight fabric made of a satin weave.
  • Velvet Shimmer – soft and luxurious to the touch, short pile and durable with a sheen.
  • Archway – a fabric with a slight grain but super soft to the touch.
  • Chenille – a fairly thick fabric with a soft textured finish, hardy and durable.
  • Cotton Twill Stretch – a breathable weave, soft and light to the touch.
  • Cotton Linen – a natural blend with slight elasticity, smooth.
  • Dorchester Weave – a textured fabric with a soft sheen, firm but soft.
  • Half-Panama – a rustic cotton with flecks of seeds, ideal for light jackets.
  • Haverstock – a linen-look fabric, slightly firmer and stronger, very breathable.
  • Mayfair Herringbone – a poly blend which is soft to the touch, similar to cotton.
  • Sara Linen Blend – 10% linen and 90% polyester, with a natural ochre colour.
  • Trafalgar – this solid fabric has a matt finish and soft feel, and allows some light to shine through.
  • 100% Linen – an all-natural fabric, with a rustic finish. Breathable and light.
  • Bull Denim – a heavy pure cotton fabric, yet warm and gentle on the skin.
  • Dobby Canvas – heavy-weight cotton with a surface texture, but a smooth reverse.

How is it manufactured?

Each suit fabric is manufactured differently, depending on what fibres it’s made of and whether it is natural or synthetic. Natural fabrics are woven from all-natural materials, whereas synthetic fabrics often go through a chemical process to produce the yarns.

Purposes of Suit Fabric?

Suit fabrics primary purpose is to create a high quality, comfortable suit, whether this is a classic two-piece jacket and trousers, a simple jacket worn with some jeans, or a three-piece including a waistcoat for some extra flair. It’s important that you find your suit fabric comfortable to the touch, as generally you’ll be wearing it for at least a few hours – if not all day – at work, or throughout an event or formal occasion. Velvet and silk satin are soft to the touch and feel luxurious against the skin, but have an added element of elegance so are more suited to dazzling events or party wear.

Linen is a lighter option and feels comfortable to wear, but oozes a more casual vibe which is perfect for a family brunch or beach wedding. Try the Haverstock, Sara Linen Blend or Dorchester Weave linens for slightly heavier blend options.

For a middle ground which is perfect for the office or any formal occasion, cotton is an excellent versatile suit fabric. Cotton twill stretch is perfect for slim fit suits due to the stretch. You can buy your suit fabric by the metre to get custom measurements and tailor your suit to you.

For a simple boating jacket or to add some extra style to a casual look, try bull denim or dobby canvas for a comfortable yet breathable jacket. These fabrics will keep you warm but still allow air to pass through, and are perfect for giving your designs a rustic look.

Consider where you’ll be wearing your suit, and what time of year you’ll be wearing it. Certain fabrics are much more breathable than others, and will retain warmth at different rates. Linen is known for being much cooler and perfect for the Summer, and along with cotton has maximum breathability. If you’ll be wearing your suit during the Winter, opt for a thicker cotton for added warmth.

Some of the all-natural fabrics, such as linen or cotton twill, will have a slightly muted white base tone which could affect the colours of your natural print. The flax in the linen fabric may make your design colours come out slightly less vibrant, but it adds a rustic charm to the print.


Suit fabric properties can vary hugely. From luxurious and decadent super soft suits, to lighter and more casual items. These are the top categories that suit fabrics fall under:


  • Usually pure fabrics, such as silk
  • Very soft to the touch
  • Feel comfortable against the skin
  • Regulate temperature well
  • Suitable for formal events/parties
  • Shows off your designs beautifully
  • Velvet, Silk, Cashmere

Work Wear

  • Slightly firmer fabrics
  • Great for everyday wear and tear
  • Still maintains a classic style
  • Can be worn for work and formal wear
  • Very breathable
  • Have more of a structure than silk fabrics
  • Perfect for frequent use
  • Cotton, wool


  • Very soft and light to wear
  • Very breathable
  • Perfect for warmer weather
  • More casual, e.g. for beach weddings or BBQS
  • Can crinkle easily
  • Comfy and cosy, yet still durable
  • Linen, lighter cotton

Advantages of Suit Fabric

One of the best things about suit fabrics is that each fabric has a huge range of advantages, and most of them are breathable and comfortable to wear. Think about when you’ll be wearing your suit, the occasion, the time of year and whether the fabric will suit your body type. Will you be wearing your suit multiple times? Every day? Or just for special occasions? Each finish has a unique look, so make sure you choose the best material to make the perfect suit for you.

Some Suit Fabric











  1. What is Coat Fabric?

Coat fabric is any fabric that can be used to design and make a coat. The type of material you choose can affect many factors; the thickness, warmth, durability, style, water-resistance and heat-retention of the coat, as well as the way it hangs and looks on the body.

Lighter, waterproof fabrics are ideal for Spring or Autumn where you may not need a thick, heavy coat but will need some protection against the elements. Certain lighter fabrics still have heat retaining qualities, but are breathable so can be versatile throughout the seasons. By considering when and how frequently you’ll wear your coat, you’ll get an understanding of the type of material best suited to your design.

Alternatively, certain warmer fabrics may not be suitable if you’ll be out in the rain or exploring the countryside. If you’re after style over substance, there’s a wide range of materials which will add a touch of glamour to your outfit but may not always be ideal for chilly days. The texture and weight of the material you choose will determine the look and function of your coat, and whether it’s suitable for everyday use or special occasions.

Popular coat fabrics include:

  • Cotton
  • Linen
  • Velvet
  • Bull Denim
  • Chenille
  • Canvas
  • Fleece
  • Jersey
  • Suede
  • Leatherette

How is it manufactured?

Every coat fabric is manufactured in its own way, depending on whether it’s natural or synthetic. The fibres will be woven differently to create different textures, constructs, and levels of transparency. Synthetic fabrics are created using chemical processes, whereas natural fabrics are made using all-natural yarns.

Purposes of coat fabric

The purpose of coat fabrics is to create a functional, comfortable and stylish coat – whether it’s for a formal occasion, everyday wear, will be enduring the elements, or simply a Winter warmer.

Consider what time of year you’ll be wearing your coat, and how frequently. Do you need a smarter style fabric to wear to the office every day, or do you need a coat that will be sure to keep you warm all year round? Will you be out exploring in your new jacket, or is it simply a fashion statement?

No matter where in the world you live, it’s likely that you’ll need protection against the rain every now and then. For a waterproof coat you ideally want to use a fabric such as Oilcloth Matte which is made from 100% cotton half-panama with a waterproof PVC coating. The mid-weight fabric means you won’t get too warm in the Spring or Autumn rainy seasons, but you’ll be sure to stay dry, with a chic matte finish too.

For a coat which will be worn in a chillier climate and may also encounter rain or snow, a durable, heat-retaining fabric is the best option. Polar Fleece is a beautiful alternative to wool, with a soft finish and hydrophobic qualities. This means it repels water, so is perfect for an everyday Winter coat. Velvet variations will similarly keep you warm during cooler weather, but aren’t waterproof and are best worn with extra layers to keep the heat in. Gaia Eco is similarly effective for outdoor clothing due to its durable nature.

If you’re after a formal coat for an event or for work, it’s likely you’ll want a less bulky, slightly more lightweight option such as Suede or Chenille. For an extra stylish flair, Plush Velvet, Velvet Shimmer or Suede Vision is ideal but not quite durable enough to be worn out in the rain. For a stylish, year-round fabric, warm leatherette is an animal-friendly version of the classic and similarly oozes style.

Lightweight fabrics are perfect for a light Summer coat to keep your warm on a breezy evening. Linen or cotton are ideal for this, or for a more casual look Bull Denim is a great alternative to it’s heavier denim counterpart.


The properties of coat fabrics can vary a huge amount, with each having their own special qualities. These are the top categories coat fabrics fall under:

Winter Warmth:

  • Usually heavier, thicker fabrics
  • Retains heat well
  • Often soft to the touch
  • Generally suitable for wear in the rain
  • Great for everyday wear and tear
  • Durable
  • Has a firmer structure

Light Summer:

  • Lightweight fabrics
  • Breathable
  • Everyday or formal wear
  • Still maintains a classic style
  • Perfect for frequent use


  • Lightweight
  • Very breathable
  • Ideal for in-between the seasons
  • More casual
  • Durable
  • Perfect for everyday wear
  • Water repellent qualities

Advantages of Coat Fabric

A huge advantage of coat fabrics is that they are often very versatile – warmer fabrics can also be waterproof, or formal jackets can also retain heat well. As well as considering the time of year you’ll wear your coat, consider the style of clothes you’ll be wearing under it. Choose a fabric that will compliment or match these, as well as suiting your body type and feeling comfortable in everyday life. Every fabric has a unique finish and quality, so make sure you choose a fabric to make the best coat for you.

Some Coat Fabrics





  1. What is Lining Fabric?

Lining fabric is any fabric that can be used to line a garment, accessory or furnishings, such as a dress, coat, curtains or bags. Lining fabric can have a variety of uses, and is generally added for extra warmth, comfort or style. Your lining fabric will be dependent on the item it’s being used for, as different items will have different lining needs.

Clothing will often have linings for added warmth or to make the garment feel comfortable against the skin, such as a silky soft fabric or natural thermal materials. Alternatively, furnishings like lightweight curtains will need a lining to add structure and help them hang correctly. As well as having practical uses, linings can often be used to add some extra color or a print to the underside of a garment.

A huge variety of fabrics can be used for linings, and by designing materials online you’ll be able to understand the type of lining which is best suited to your project. You’ll also be able to experiment with fun and unique lining print designs to create the perfect look.

Both natural and synthetic fabrics can be used for lining fabrics. Different materials will have different properties which may be more suited to certain garments or projects.

Popular Lining Fabrics Include:

  • Boston Pique Knit
  • Lucent Satin
  • Nautica Peached Splashproof
  • Organic Cotton Poplin
  • Peached Polycotton Sheeting
  • Pima Lawn Cotton
  • Silk Impression
  • Silk Satin
  • Silk Sensation
  • Victoria Viscose Twill

How is it Manufactured

Lining fabrics are all manufactured differently, depending on what they’re created from and their purposes. Natural lining fabrics such as cotton are blends of natural fibres and have been woven to create the material, and synthetic lining fabrics are made using a chemical process.

Purposes of Lining Fabric

The main purpose of lining fabric is dependent on the item. For clothing, a lining is usually added to make the garment feel more comfortable against the skin, as well as adding warmth and extra layers for certain items. Trousers and dresses may use a soft cotton lining for an extra layer which won’t add bulk and affect the shape of the piece, or simply a silk-feel lining to keep cool during the Summer.

Coats and jackets usually have linings to thicken the fabric and make them extra warm to wear. Weatherproof coats are likely to have waterproof or thermal linings to protect against the elements, whereas blazers or dinner jackets may use the lining as an opportunity to add some extra colour or style to a garment. Linings not only serve a practical purpose, but can often be used simply to add a stylish flair. Adding a printed or coloured lining means a pop of colour can be seen every now and then, and can give your design a unique quality.

As well as clothing, accessories often have lining fabrics too. Handbags always tend to have a lining which has both a practical and aesthetic purpose. Ideally a handbag lining should be soft to the touch and not be created from any abrasive material which could easily scratch a phone screen, for example. Fashion-lovers have even been known to buy bags simply based on their unique and stylish linings, with designers using vibrant prints such as silky tiger print or brightly coloured cottons. Other types of bags, such as washbags, would need a waterproof lining to safely store your toiletries and prevent any leakages.

Curtains will need a fabric which helps them hang correctly and provide privacy for sheer fabrics. A lining can both finish off the look of the curtains beautifully, as well as being used for practical purposes.

Consider what item you’ll be making and what it will be used for. If you’re creating an item of clothing, what time of year will it be worn? Will it need a thicker, warm lining if it’s a piece of Winter fashion? Or a cool, silky lining for a Summertime garment?

Bear in mind that some of the natural fabrics such as organic cotton will have a muted base tone which may affect the colours of your print design. Flecks of cotton seed may be visible in the final print for example, and your colours may come out less vibrant, but this does add a rustic charm to the fabric.


The properties of lining fabrics vary greatly, and are part of what make choosing the correct lining so important. Think about what your item will be used for, when it will be used, and what elements it may encounter, to ensure you choose the most suitable lining for your project.

Lightweight Linings:

  • Usually pure fabrics, such as silk
  • Makes clothing comfortable to wear
  • Very soft to the touch
  • Feel comfortable against the skin
  • Regulates temperature well
  • Silk, Satin

Linings for Warmth

  • Slightly firmer fabrics
  • Great for everyday wear
  • Has more of a structure
  • Helps retain heat

Linings for Furnishings:

  • Durable
  • Everyday wear and tear
  • Has more structure
  • Generally opaque to add privacy to sheer curtains

Advantages of Lining Fabric

One of the advantages of lining fabric is that there are so many options to choose from, depending on what you’ll use the fabric for. Think about if your lining will be worn or used every day; does it need to be durable for everyday wear and tear, or is it purely aesthetic? Will it encounter water or cold temperatures? Every material has a unique look, so make sure you choose the best fabric to make the perfect lining fabric for you.

Some Lining Fabric






  1. What is Shirting Fabric?

Shirting fabrics are generally more tightly woven and less sheer, making them an ideal weight and texture for shirts, blouses and dresses. Most shirt fabrics will fall into one of five weaves; Poplin, Twill, Pinpoint, Oxford and Herringbone. Each weave offers a distinct texture and look, so there’s some shirt dress fabrics that are better suited to casual wear and others that are perfect for formal attire. Shirting fabric should be soft but be able to hold its shape well in order to create that fitted feel and smart aesthetic.

Popular shirting fabrics include

There’s so many types of sheer fabrics, each with their own individual properties, but some of our most popular are:

  • Lima Cotton Twill
  • Lima Cotton Lawn
  • Lima Cotton Poplin
  • Viscose Twill
  • 100% Real Cotton Poplin
  • Mayfair Herringbone
  • Vintage Fade
  • Mulmul

How are they manufactured

Each shirting fabric is manufactured in its own distinct way, and will depend upon the yarns used, thread count, ply count, the structure and whether it’s natural or manmade fibres.

The type of weave used to make your shirting fabric will determine the final look and texture, and ultimately its preferred use.

Poplin is tightly woven in a basic structure, and is a great for professional attire. The lack of sheen and minimal texture makes this a smooth fabric. The main technical difference between Poplin and Broadcloth is that Poplin can be made with different weight yarns in the warp and weft.

Twill, on the other hand, has a distinctive texture and visible diagonal weave on the surface, giving this shirting fabric a lot of character. Less ‘crisp’ than poplin, Twill fabrics have an easy drape with a softer handle.

Pinpoint Oxford is slightly less formal than the former two shirting fabrics, so they’re good for making everyday casual shirts. Typically woven with heavier yarns, Pinpoint Oxford is a durable material that feels great on the skin.

Herringbone shirts are favoured for the characteristic V-shaped chevron weave, that resembles the bones of a herring fish. The higher the thread count, the smoother and silkier the shirting fabric will be.

Purposes of shirting fabric

Shirting fabric is not only for making shirts, despite the name, as they’re incredibly popular for dressmaking and blouses.


Because there are so many different choices when it comes to shirting fabric, there are also many properties associated with them. Benefits come from factors such as ply count and thread count, producing different textures and overall handle. When the yarn is spun, it’s better to spin 2 yarns together in order to create a more resilient fabric. Textile experts agree that 2 ply is best for shirting fabric as it’s breathable, lightweight but still durable, however you can also have 3 ply and 4 ply.

Here are some of our favourite properties for shirting fabric:

  • Shirting fabrics with synthetic fibres are less prone to crinkling whilst being worn.
  • Shirting fabrics with higher twist count are less prone to pilling.
  • Smooth surface
  • Can be structured or relaxed, depending on fabric used
  • Comfortable

Advantages of shirting fabric

Shirting fabrics have so many advantages, you just need to ensure you choose the right one for the intended occasion. Linen shirts are perfect for warmer climates, as the finer yarns allow your skin to breathe. Fabrics for shirt making like Twill are more structured and fitting, ideal for professional attire. Substantial but soft, these textiles are designed to feel great and look smart. From casual everyday wear to silkier, more elegant shirt fabrics such as the Herringbone weave, you can dress to impress at all times with custom printed shirting fabric.

Some Shirting Fabrics
















  1. What is T-Shirt Fabric?

T-shirt fabric is any fabric that can be used to design and make everyday tees. The type of material you choose can affect many factors; the thickness, warmth, durability, style, as well as the way it fits your form or drapes naturally.

Lighter fabrics such as Jersey 130gsm are ideal for Spring and Summer garments, where you need the breathability and moisture wicking properties. Thicker t-shirt material like Chunky Knit Rib are perfect Winter warmers, retaining heat whilst still exuding character and distinction. T-shirt fabric can range from form fitting Lycra to fabrics such as the Boston Pique Knit, that drapes well with slight transparency. From casual polo tops, to t-shirts designed for exercise, ensure you consider the properties of each individual t-shirt material to get the best results.

Popular T-Shirt fabrics include

  • Jersey
  • Knitted Rib
  • Lycra
  • Scuba
  • Pique Knit

How is it manufactured?

Each individual t-shirt fabric is manufactured in its own way, consisting of different fibres, yarn thickness and a knitted or woven construction. These will all determine the look and feel of your finished t-shirt; whether it’s lightweight, heat retaining, form fitting or has degrees of transparency. T-shirt fabric that has a higher percentage of polyester will result in a more ‘sportier’ top, and textiles with a smaller polyester count are less prone to wrinkles.

Many materials used for making t-shirts will be constructed to suit the desired end usage, such as whether it’s to be worn in the summer or winter. Closed knits and tight weaves produce a warmer tee, whereas more open weaves like the Boston Pique Knit are cooling, allowing air to enter and escape.

Purpose of T-Shirt fabric

The main purpose of t-shirt fabric is to make a variety of tops, including everyday tees, smarter polo shirts, vests and exercise tops. T-shirts should be comfortable above anything else, as they’re a daily wardrobe essential, but also stylish with personality and character. For exercise tops, you’d want something stretchy, form fitting and moisture wicking, but for an everyday t-shirt you’d want something a little more relaxed.


Because there are so many different choices when it comes to T-Shirt fabric, there are also many properties associated with them. Here are just a few favourites:

  • Soft – t-shirt fabric is worn close to the skin, so it’s essential that it feels comfortable and doesn’t irritate.
  • Elastic – allowing you to move freely, t-shirt materials have some degree of stretch, whether it’s in the warp, weft, bias or 4-way stretch like Lycra.
  • Breathable – more open constructions where there’s space between the interlocking yarns creates tiny holes that allow air to escape and enter, helping to regulate body temperature.
  • Moisture wicking – this is where the fabric is constructed of fine threads in a capillary style network, that transport moisture away from the skin to the surface of the material. The larger surface area allows for more water absorption and quicker evaporation, leading to a quick dry fabric.

Advantages of T-Shirt fabric

T-shirt fabric is soft, comfortable, easy to care for and designed to allow the skin to breathe. This makes them suitable for all weather types, meaning they can be a staple wardrobe garment all year round. T-shirt material is also easy to work with, allowing you to create beautiful tops for any occasion. Choose a textile to suit your desired end usage, and enjoy designing your own for total unique style.

Some T-Shirt Fabrics












  1. What is Bridal fabric?

Bridal fabric can apply to any textile or material that can be used to create a bride’s wedding dress. Because wedding dresses can vary so much from bride to bride, so too can bridal fabric. The fabric, or fabrics, you choose to create your wedding dress from is vitally important, as they will help determine the look, feel and style of your dress. Not all bridal fabrics are the same; some are best suited for summer or winter weddings, some help form structure and shape, and others will give a light and ethereal quality.

Most wedding dresses feature more than one single fabric. Often using one for the main skirt or body of the dress, and others to accent certain parts or add texture and interest.

There are the more traditional wedding dress fabrics, such as satin and taffeta, and the new, more adventurous options, such as intriguing silks including Mikado, gazar and radzmir. Gazar was the silk used to make Kate Middleton’s wedding dress.

Popular bridal fabrics include

  1. Silk
  2. Satin
  3. Chiffon
  4. Organza
  5. Cotton
  6. Lace
  7. Crepe
  8. Brocade
  9. Broderie Anglais
  10. Tulle

How is it manufactured?

Every bridal fabric has its own distinct manufacturing methods, especially depending on their structure and whether the yarns are manmade or natural.

As a lot of these fabrics are delicate in nature, a lot of time and care is spent in producing them – hence the sometimes-hefty price tags. Lace can be handmade, which is a labour-intensive process involving very skilled seamstresses. Fabrics that are made with a satin weave can be made from either natural or synthetic yarns. For example, you can find a real silk satin or a manmade silk satin. They each have their own properties, that could make them suitable for your dress.

Natural fabrics are made by taking plants or other substances, such as cotton, and then breaking them down into fibres. These fibres are then spun into yarns, which are used to create fabric. Manmade fabrics are made using scientific processes, which can involve chemicals and natural resources combined.

Purposes of bridal fabric

The purpose of bridal fabric is to create stunning wedding dresses for the bride. Wedding dresses can be purchased off the rack or they can be made to order. If you choose to have your wedding dress custom made, then you have the advantage of having it made from any (or as many) fabrics you wish. This is ideal if you have a very specific idea in mind of what you want your dress to look like.


Because there are so many different choices when it comes to bridal fabric, there are also many properties associated with them. Here are just a few favourites:

  • Chiffon – soft and silky with a sheer and light handle. A net-like construction with some give
  • Georgette – comes in both poly and real silk. Classic crepe face with a gossamer appearance
  • Silk – natural silk with a satin weave. Lightweight and feminine with a smooth and silky face
  • Satin – a sleek, lustrous, and glossy weave that can be made with various yarns
  • Lace – various styles. Lightweight and elegant with delicate and distinct patterns
  • Cotton Satin – classic satin weave, made from 100% natural cotton
  • Organza – light and transparent with a delicate sheer finish and a touch of sparkle

Advantages of bridal fabric

Every bride has her own vision of what she wants her wedding dress to look like. With bridal fabric, you have the opportunity to create the dress of your dreams. More structured fabrics, such as silks and satins will help give structure and shape to your dress, while light and airy fabrics such as chiffon and lace, can help give a feminine and dreamy aesthetic.

The bride is always the main focus of a wedding, and by choosing the perfect bridal fabrics for the wedding dress, she is sure to remain the focus for years to come.

Some Bridal Fabrics












  1. What is Trouser fabric?

Trouser fabric refers to any materials that can be used to make a pair of trousers. You can choose from a huge range of fabrics, depending on the style, finish, texture you want your trousers to have.

The suitability of your trouser material is dependent on when, where and how frequently you’ll be wearing the garment. Lighter trouser fabrics are perfect for the Spring and Summer seasons where thickness and heat retention aren’t necessary, and a light, breathable fabric would create the perfect pair of everyday Summer trousers. Other fabrics will be more suited to Winter wear where warmth is essential, or you may be looking for the perfect pair of formal trousers for the office.

A wide variety of fabrics can be used to design trousers, including both natural materials and synthetic ones. The weight and texture of the fabric will also suit certain body types over others, and determine the final look and feel of the product.

Popular trouser fabrics include:

  • Linen
  • Silk
  • Cotton
  • Canvas
  • Velvet
  • Satin
  • Wool
  • Denim
  • Jersey
  • Crepe

How is it manufactured?

Trouser fabrics are manufactured differently depending on the fibres they’re created from. Trouser materials are generally woven in different ways to create unique textures, constructs and levels of transparency. Natural trouser fabrics are created using organic or all-natural yarns, but synthetic fabrics are created using chemical materials and processes.

Purposes of Trouser Fabric

The primary purpose of trouser fabric is to create a comfortable, high-quality pair of trousers, whether you’re after a formal pair for a party or work, or for casual everyday clothing.

It’s important that your trousers are weather or season appropriate, as you’ll likely be wearing them for most, if not all, of the day. For colder climates it’s best to opt for a material that will retain heat well, and has extra thickness to keep breezy winds at bay. A thicker woven canvas, corduroy or even a waterproof material will help protect you against the elements.

Remember that you’ll want your trousers to feel comfortable against the skin, so a silk blend or 100% genuine silk could be a stylish – and comfortable option – for a more formal look. The fibres retain heat as well as being breathable, so they’re versatile and ideal for transitioning from day to night in style. Silk is a particularly flattering fabric and looks great on most body types.

Linen is ideal for a classic, casual Summer look and is perfect for those warmer days, with a light, airy feel and maximum breathability. Consider how long you’ll be wearing the trousers for, and what you’ll be doing. Will you be walking lots and need stretch and flexibility? Will you be in a warm office, sat down for most of the day? Or will you be busting some moves on a dazzling dancefloor?


Every trouser fabric has its own properties, but they can generally be assorted into three main categories to choose from.

For Warmer Days:

  • Lightweight, airy fabrics
  • Breathable
  • More casual look
  • Comfortable against the skin
  • Linen, cotton, silk, crepe

For Cooler/Wet Days:

  • Extra warmth
  • Durable
  • Thick
  • Retains heat well
  • Breathable
  • Moisture wicking or absorbent
  • Waterproof
  • Velour, Twill, Denim, Wool


  • Comfortable
  • Formal and stylish
  • Breathable
  • Perfect for all seasons
  • Silk, Velvet

Advantages of Trouser Fabric

One of the best things about trouser fabric is that most materials are very versatile, and can be worn on a variety of different occasions and settings. Make sure you choose a fabric that feels comfortable to you, and if in doubt you can try a sample pack to get a first-hand feel of every material.

Some Truser Fabric






  1. What is Lingerie Fabric?

Lingerie fabric can range from floaty, luxurious fabrics such as Lucent Satin, Organza and Florence Net, to the more practical and cosy fabrics like Mulmul, Cotton Satin and Jersey. They are all designed to feel delicate and smooth against your skin, draping where they ought to drape and fitting your form how they should. Lingerie fabric is used to make everyday undergarments such as bras and knickers, to the more playful, flirty numbers such as babydolls, chemises and corsets. Many lingerie textiles are recognised for their lacey, feminine qualities that help flatter and accentuate a woman’s features, whilst still offering the support and shaping you’d expect from underwear.

Popular lingerie materials include:  

There’s so many types of lingerie fabrics, each with their own individual properties, but some of our most popular are:

  • Florence Net
  • Flora Lace
  • Lace Lucille
  • Monroe Satin
  • Real Silk Satin
  • Organza
  • Crochet Lace

How are they manufactured?   

Each lingerie fabric is manufactured in its own way, resulting in different surface textures, handle and weight. Yarns used can be natural or manmade, and can be woven or knitted in different construct, producing varying levels of transparency or opaqueness. Synthethic fabrics are created using chemical processes, whereas natural fabrics, like the real silk satin, are made using 100% natural yarns. Textiles used for making lingerie range from knitted lace to woven satins, that have a brilliant shine and lustrous surface, created by floating several warp yarns across the weft before going under 1 weft thread.

Typically, lingerie fabric should have a certain amount of stretch in order to make the wearer stay comfortable, however fabrics such as organza can be used in lingerie applique for an extra feminine touch.

Purposes of lingerie material  

Lingerie fabrics are of course predominantly used for making women’s undergarments, for both practical and aesthetic purposes. Lingerie material should be comfortable, accentuate the figure and make the wearer feel good. Here’s some examples of lingerie garments you can make using these specialist fabrics:

  • Classic Slip – A classic slip underneath a bodycon dress gives you a flawless silhouette and definition in your shape.
  • Babydoll – Sexy with a flattering cut, it adds excitement to your evening routine.
  • Romper Suit – The playsuit style romper is the perfect compromise if you want to feel glam but also just want to chill out.
  • Lace Bodysuit – Wear alone or team with a pair of jeans for a demure evening outfit.
  • Robe – Whether it’s made from a sultry silk satin or a warming jersey knit, the robe is an essential part of your lingerie collection.


Because there are so many different choices when it comes to lingerie fabric, there are also many properties associated with them. Here are just a few of our favourites:

  • Breathable – you don’t want heavy, stiff underwear that suffocates the skin, so the fabrics used to make lingerie are delicate to touch, breathable and light. Many of them have open net-like constructs, allowing air to escape and enter.
  • Textured – materials for lingerie are often textured, such as lace, to add an element of drama and sensuality.
  • Elasticity – it’s important to be able to move freely, so there should be some degree of elasticity to lingerie fabrics. Any taut materials can be used for applique and decoration, or to create frilly borders. Stretchy fabrics are form fitting, which is ideal when wearing tight fitting clothes.
  • Sheer – sheer fabrics are ideal to use for making lingerie, as they’re fun and flirty and often have a fluid drape. There’s varying degrees of transparency, but all sheer fabrics will be transparent. Sheer fabrics are super lightweight and delicate, but ones like Florence Net are also strong and durable.

Advantages of lingerie fabric   

There’s so many advantages of the various lingerie fabrics, allowing you to look good and feel good in your body. Soft, stretchy and light, they’re practical to wear as daily garments and underneath clothes, but also lacey, sheer and textured, some lingerie materials are also designed to be seen. From lace corsets and sheer chemises to stretchy pants and form fitting body suits, lingerie fabric is perfectly suited to making your practical and sensual undergarments.

Some Lingerie Fabrics












  1. What is Sports Fabric?

Sports fabric is any fabric that is specifically designed to be worn for exercise or as part of a sport’s kit. The type of material you choose can affect many factors; the thickness, warmth, durability, style, as well as the way it enhances your performance. Sportswear fabric is technical fabric, in that it has absorb sweat rapidly and move it to the surface where it can evaporate and dry. The idea is that you can wear sports fabric during your activities and remain cool, allowing you to excel. This includes everything from running to swimming.

It’s important to find a fabric that is both form fitting to offer support but also stretchy enough so you can move freely without restriction. Wearing loose fitting garments for exercise and sports isn’t practical, as you need to be as streamlined as possible, but you could say that basketball jerseys are an exception. Aside from exercise, sportswear is also a fashion in itself, consisting of tracksuits, jackets and hoodies that can be worn as everyday apparel. Thicker, more textured jerseys, like the Diamond Jersey or Quilted Stretch Jersey are great for outerwear or a more warming top in colder climates.

Popular sportswear fabrics include 

  • Airflow sports stretch
  • Jersey
  • Florence net
  • G-mesh
  • Lycra

How is it manufactured? 

Each individual sports fabric is manufactured in its own way, consisting of different fibres, yarn thickness and a knitted, woven or mesh-like construction. These factors will determine the look and feel of your finished sportswear material; whether it’s smooth, textured, brushed, stretchy, transparent. Sports fabric for swimwear is mainly made from Lycra, where there’s a strong stretch that goes back to its original form instantly, keeping the swimmer streamlined but without any movement restriction. Combining polyester with other materials like elastane or cotton, give each sportswear fabric a distinct handle.

Purpose of Sport fabric 

The main purpose of sports fabric is to allow sportspeople to perform their activities in total comfort whilst wicking moisture and perspiration away from the body. Depending on the intensity of your workout, you will want to pick the right sportswear fabric. For example cotton is super absorbent, meaning it’s fine for low intensity activities but not anything more strenuous because it would end up sodden. All sports materials are breathable, but due to the individual manufacturing processes, this will vary slightly between them.


Because there are so many different choices when it comes to sportswear fabric, there are also many properties associated with them. Here are just a few favourites:

  • Breathable – the construction of the fabric allows air to enter and escape, helping to regulate the body temperature and prevent excessive sweating.
  • Moisture wicking – the construction of the fabric produces a larger surface area, meaning more moisture can be absorbed and moved to the surface where it can be evaporated quickly.
  • Durable – with exercise comes strenuous movement, so the fabric must be able to stand the test of time without fraying or piling.
  • Stretchy – it’s important that the fabric is flexible and ready to support any activity, moving with the body and springing back into its original form.

Advantages of Sports fabric 

Fabric for sports is specifically designed for workouts and other forms of exercise. This means the textiles are long-lasting, strong and perfectly suited to deal with perspiration and bacteria. From leggings and swimsuits to vests and cycle shorts, you can make your own unique sportswear to be worn all year round. Both cooling and heat retaining, these textiles are so versatile and help to enhance your sporting performance.

Some Sports Fabric






  1. What is Cosplay Fabric?

Cosplay is a shortened term of 2 words; costume and play. It is a performance art, likely to have originated in Japan, where cosplayers wear specific costumes and accessories to represent a character from Anime, Manga, video games or other visual media. A lot of cosplayers make their own cosplay clothing, and this is where cosplay fabric comes in.

There is a wealth of cosplay materials available, so much so, that a cosplay fabric guide is often required.

Some popular examples include:

  • Scuba fabric
  • Lycra
  • Neoprene
  • Jersey
  • Cotton
  • Linen
  • Twill weaves
  • Silk
  • Satin
  • Chiffon
  • Organza
  • Velvet
  • Mesh

How are they manufactured?

Cosplay fabrics UK made are available online with a wide variety to choose from. Each fabric is manufactured slightly differently, and there are synthetic fabrics and natural textiles to choose from.

The different weights cosplay fabrics come in makes a difference to the manufacturing process. Natural fabrics such as cotton or silk are made by taking substances and breaking them down into fibres which are then spun into yarns. Hand or machine can do this. Synthetic fabrics are made by using chemicals and other substances to create fibres, which are then turned into yarns to create the fabric.

Blended fabrics; when natural and synthetic fibres are blended, comprises of a combination of both methods.

Purposes of cosplay fabrics

The main purpose of these textiles is to create cosplay clothing. Costumes are usually elaborate and imaginative, with different fabrics needed to represent different elements of the costume. From well-loved, everyday fabrics such as jersey and cotton to more contemporary and eclectic textiles, such as neoprene and scuba, these fabrics can be used together to create captivating and bespoke cosplay costumes.


Many different fabrics favoured in the cosplay world, thanks to their varying properties. Certain materials work best for some costumes, whereas others are preferred for detailing. From the most popular cosplay fabrics, their properties can include:

  1. Lycra– comes in several weights, very stretchy, form-fitting, easy to work with
  2. Neoprene– thick and spongy, comes in different thicknesses, looks striking, black-out
  3. Silk– natural fabric, luxurious, has a natural sheen, beautiful drape
  4. Velvet– soft and luxurious handle, comes in different styles, has depth, sturdy
  5. Linen– rustic, natural, durable – great for creating cloaks
  6. Cotton– natural, breathable, comes in different weights, great for several end uses
  7. Satin– smooth, silky, fluid handle and drape
  8. Scuba– slightly less thick than Neoprene, flexible, durable, contemporary

Advantages of cosplay fabrics

Because it can sometimes be a challenge to purchase readymade cosplay costumes in stores, printing cosplay fabrics online has become increasingly popular. You can find a plethora of cosplay materials online which can cater to most requirements.

By ordering cosplay fabrics online, you have the advantage of being able to create anything. Making your own cosplay costume may save you a lot of money and it will also highlight your talent and creativity.

Some Cosplay Fabrics












  1. What is Furniture Fabrics?

Furniture fabric is any material used to create home furnishings, such as curtains, blinds, rugs, cushions, upholstering furniture and any other textile-based furniture. There are many types of furniture materials available, and you can purchase custom printed fabric to suit your needs.

It’s important to think about where you plan to use the fabric, and the final texture, style and design you want your furniture to have. Different furniture fabrics have very different properties, and can completely alter the look of a room. Consider if the fabric will be draped, sat on, walked across – will it be purely decorative, or have a function?

Furniture fabrics can be synthetic, natural, or blends.

Popular furniture fabrics include:

  • Canvas
  • Velvet
  • Cotton
  • Oilcloth
  • Suede
  • Linen
  • Chenille
  • Denim
  • Leather

How is it manufactured?

Furniture fabrics are manufactured in different ways, depending on what the material is comprised of. Natural fabrics such as cotton or canvas are made by using yarns created from the plant fibres, which are then woven into a piece of material. Synthetic fabrics are chemically produced by a process called polymerization, using synthetic fibres which derive from coal, oil or natural gas.

Purposes of Furniture Fabric?

The main purpose of furniture fabrics is to create a piece of furnishing which will be comfortable, durable, stylish, and fit the aesthetic of your home. Depending on the piece of furniture, some characteristics will have higher priorities than others. For example, if you’re using furniture fabric for chair upholstery, you will want a fabric that is both comfortable to sit on and can withstand daily wear and tear.

Furniture fabric for upholstery should also be fade-resistant, easy to clean, sturdy and also fire-retardant if possible. Chairs and sofas are generally used every day, so they must be practical as well as stylish.

For curtains and blinds, a wide range of fabric can be used depending on the finish you’re after. A blackout fabric is perfect if you want complete darkness in your bedroom for easy sleeping, or a standard fabric is a great way to let a bit of natural light in whilst still maintaining privacy.

Each fabric has its own unique attributes, so it’s important to consider what room the furniture is far, how often the furniture will be used, and if certain qualities are imperative such as wipe-clean or fire-retardant for kitchen-based furniture.


All furniture fabrics have their own properties, so it’s important to decide what your priorities are when it comes to designing your furniture. There are three main categories that furniture fabric can fall into:


  • Easily cleaned, wipe-clean
  • Fire-retardant
  • Fade-resistant
  • Shrink-resistant
  • Durable
  • Long-lasting

For Pure Style:

  • Vibrant colour
  • Soft or luxurious to the touch
  • Drapes or hangs well
  • Fade-resistant

For Comfort:

  • Comfortable to sit/lie on
  • Soft to the touch
  • Not abrasive on the skin
  • Breathable
  • Holds warmth well
  • Advantages of Furniture Fabric

One of the best things about furniture fabric is that each material has its own unique properties, so can be designed to suit your own requirements. A variety of textures and textiles can give your home or office the desired look, as well as adding comfort and durability. Design your own furniture material with our custom printed fabric ranges.

Some of the furniture fabrics
















  1. What is Craft Fabric?

Craft fabric is a general term for fabrics and textiles that can be used for craft projects. As there are so many kinds of DIY and craft projects, there are also a plethora of craft fabrics available to make them with.

When considering what fabric is right for you, you need to understand the project you are undertaking. Fabrics can have very different characteristics, ranging from weight and composition to yarn and structure.

It is important to take your time when choosing the right fabric for the job. Sturdier fabrics such as cotton and canvas will work for hardier jobs, while more delicate fabrics such as lace or Georgette will require a gentler hand and a project that is less handled.

Popular choices for craft fabric:

  1. Denim
  2. Felt
  3. Cotton
  4. Canvas
  5. Twill
  6. Fleece
  7. Velvet
  8. Jersey
  9. Velour
  10. Neoprene

How is it manufactured?

Each craft fabric is made and manufactured using a different process. Some fabrics are knitted, such as neoprene and lace, while others are woven, such as satin and fleece. The manufacturing process makes a big difference to the fabric’s strength, construction, and handle.

You will also find that some craft fabric is made with man made yarns, while others are made with natural fibres; cotton and linen being good examples of this. There are also those fabrics which are made with yarns consisting of a combination of man made and natural fibres. These fabrics can have the best of both worlds; the beauty of a natural fabric with the durability and ease of care of a synthetic.

Purposes of craft fabric

Crafting and DIY have grown so much in popularity over the years, and this trend continues to grow. As such, people have been using more and more textiles for craft fabric to complete their projects. Crafting can range from anything from making your own bags, to creating baby clothes, to making soft furnishings – and pretty much anything in between. The purpose of craft fabric is to help creatives make their ideal DIY projects, using exciting and interesting textiles.


Different fabrics provide a range of textures, weights, handles, and finishes, and each one has their own distinct characteristics. Here is a list of some of the most popular craft fabrics and their properties:

  • Cotton – soft, lightweight, and thin: great for patchwork projects and light garments
  • Felt – strong and soft, varies in thickness: doesn’t fray when cut, great for kid’s craft
  • Denim – strong and sturdy with a twill weave: great for upholstery and home décor
  • Fleece – strong, soft, and lightweight: perfect for blankets, jumpers, and hats
  • Canvas – strong woven fabric both solid and durable: great for making bags and accessories
  • Neoprene – heavyweight, thick and spongy: use for home décor, outerwear and stationary
  • Velvet – woven fabric with a dense pile: smooth and soft, ideal for home décor, wall hangings and more
  • Velour – highly stretchy, soft and shiny: beautiful and shimmery and ideal for home décor and soft furnishings

Advantages of craft fabric

When you create your own craft fabric, you have the unique advantage of choosing the perfect fabric for your project, as well as the design, pattern orientation and the size. These kinds of fabrics are versatile and interesting and will help push your DIY project to the next level.

Some of the Craft Fabrics


  1. What is Tricot Fabric?

The word tricot is a generic term for any kind of warp-knitted fabric, that has been knitted on a tricot warp-knitting machine. The fabrics can range from very sheer and lightweight to opaque and heavyweight. The term comes from the French word for “knitted fabric.”

They can be made from manmade or natural fibres, and the unique weave allows them to be smooth on one side and textured on the other. The run-resistant construction makes tricots the perfect fabrics to use when producing garments such as swimwear, lingerie, sportswear and more.

Examples of tricots

  • Airflow – poly-blend, pique knit, breathable, medium weight, tight knit
  • Boston Pique Knit – poly-based, pique knit, water absorbent, stretchy, medium weight
  • Chunky Knit Rib – closed knit, heavy weight, soft, stretchy, ribbed face, solid
  • Power Net – fray-resistant, poly-based, open construct, lightweight, breathable, soft
  • G-Mesh Net – poly-knit, stretchy, open knit, airy, 3mm diamond-shaped holes, lightweight
  • Matt Lycra – 85:15 poly : elastane ratio, soft, elastic, smooth drape, matt
  • Soft Sheen Lycra – medium weight, resists pilling, moisture wicking, shiny, soft, strong

How is it manufactured?

Tricot is a pain warp knit fabric. It is made with a close-knit design, with the fibres running lengthwise, while employing an interloped yarn pattern. This method of manufacturing means that on the one side (the face) you will see fine ribs running in a lengthwise pattern. On the other side (the back) you will notice ribs that run in a crosswise direction.

This unique method of construction ultimately creates a fabric that is run-resistant, with a remarkable amount of stretch.

Purposes of tricot fabric

The purpose of tricots is varied. Thanks to their warp-knitted construction and close-knit, tricots have a sturdy, hard-wearing, yet comfortable handle. They are mainly used for closely fitting comfort stretch items, such as swimwear, lingerie, sportswear and even some types of outerwear.

The knitting process makes these fabrics very sturdy, so they are often used as lining fabrics and also as backing materials for softer, less solid fabrics.


Typically, tricot fabrics are lightweight. They are characterised by vertical wales on the technical face and horizontal ribs on the technical back. Tricot fabrics are renowned for being stable textiles. They do not unravel or ladder and are normally stretchy and comfortable. They are also a low-cost fabric, and this, combined with their stretch and stability, makes them a popular choice for backing fabrics for many kinds of laminate fabrics.

Advantages of tricot fabric

As well as being a soft fabric, tricots are remarkably sturdy and secure. Because of these attributes, tricot fabrics are often used as a lining material – both for garments and for items such as jewellery boxes, luggage and storage containers. Thanks to their construction, these materials will not billow or sag out of place. They can stand up to a good level of day-to-day wear and tear.

The supportive and comforting finish of tricots also make them a particularly good choice for using in the making of women’s lingerie and underwear. Because they can be made with so many different fibres – synthetic and natural – there are countless options for garments made with tricots.

Originally, tricot was only made from silk, but the advantage of making them nowadays, is that they can be made with a wealth of fibres, including; nylon, polyester, acetate, cotton, and viscose. Elastane can be included into the mix to add stretch.

Some of the tricot Fabric




  1. What is Tracksuit Fabric?

Tracksuit fabrics have special properties that make them ideal for working out and exercising. The tracksuit is a two-piece outfit, comprising of relaxed, loose fit bottoms and a zipped or pull-over jacket, worn for both protection from the outside elements and also to keep muscles warm during exercise. Tracksuit material is comfortable, easy to care for and normally moisture-wicking, drawing perspiration away from the body, allowing for a comfortable work out. However, there’s a diverse range of tracksuit styles, designed to be worn in different climates and for different purposes. From insulating fleece tracksuits to waterproof tracksuits, they’re all designed to help you perform better outdoors or during exercise. In saying this though, tracksuits are now part of everyday apparel, but they are still made using the same fabrics that made the tracksuit so popular.

Popular tracksuit materials include:

There’s so many types of tracksuit fabrics, each with their own individual properties, but some of our most popular are:

  • Heavy brushed sweat jersey
  • Vintage loopback sweat jersey
  • Chain jersey
  • Polar fleece
  • Scuba
  • Plush velvet

How are they manufactured?  

The tracksuit was born out of the 60s ‘space age’ phase, where synthetic nylon fabrics were combined to create something worn primarily for sports. Because this garment is designed to be worn for exercise, the fabrics used are chosen for their various properties and characteristics. Every tracksuit fabric is manufactured in its own way, and will have a different surface texture, handle and weight. The fibres will be woven differently to create varying textures, constructs, and levels of transparency. Synthetic fabrics are created using chemical processes, whereas natural fabrics are made using all-natural yarns.

Typically, the fabrics used to make tracksuits will be knitted, as they provide awesome stretch allowing you to freely move about during exercise. Jersey, Scuba and Velour, for example, are all knitted textiles that have a generous give, making them ideal tracksuit materials. Materials that have a brushed surface or a fleecy pile are excellent thermal insulators, in that the pile traps air which warms up.

Purposes of tracksuit material 

Tracksuit fabrics are of course predominantly used for making tracksuits, however they’re also good lining fabrics for clothes, dresses, suits and curtains.


Because there are so many different choices when it comes to tracksuit fabric, there are also many properties associated with them. Here are just a few of our favourites:

Stretchy – fabrics such as Scuba have a built-in 4 way stretch, whereas velour, for example, has a stronger stretch in the weft, due to the different constructs. All of these materials however have a generous give and move with your body during exercise.

Insulating – tracksuit fabrics that have a short pile or napped surface texture help to retain heat and keep the body warm. The solid construction and tight, plain weave

Moisture Wicking – a key characteristic people want from their tracksuit material is that it can draw perspiration away from the body.

Breathable – it’s important that a tracksuit is both warm but also breathable, so you don’t overheat during exercise. Knitted fabrics with a mesh like construction allow air to get in and cool the body down.

Advantages of tracksuit fabric  

There’s so many advantages of the various tracksuit fabrics, as this classic outfit has become part of mainstream, daily fashion. A crushed velour tracksuit is more of a style statement, whereas vintage loopback jersey has a classic look and feel for a more traditional tracksuit. Warm, breathable and comforting, tracksuit fabrics are the perfect choice for making your own athletic or lounge wear.

Some of the Tracksuit Fabric